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Star Trek: The Animated Series - Wikipedia Star Trek: The Animated Series (originally known simply as Star Trek but also known as The Animated Adventures of Gene Roddenberry's Star Trek) is a 1973 animated ...

A preview of the Star Trek HDDVD release of Season 1 released in 2007 This was the only season released in the HDDVD format


Get movie: Star Trek The Original Series Season Two Remastered Edition

Ending slurred some
16.09.2017 | Comment
Very interesting and exciting series, zhdems continuation !!!
15.09.2017 | Comment
Laytovy serialchik) time to kill the self) and freight) look pleased interessno) advise)
14.09.2017 | Comment
An intriguing series. I advise to look not pozheleete lost time
13.09.2017 | Comment
Kaaaaak do you want to direct now all the series have been ... have to look forward to !!! The show was fantastic, it draws from the first minute, from the first seconds, with the first frame !!!
12.09.2017 | Comment
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Star Trek: The Original Series - Wikipedia Star Trek is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry that follows the adventures of the starship USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) and its crew.

Star Trek: The Original Series Star Trek is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry that follows the adventures of the starship USS Enterprise NCC1701 and its crew Star Trek The Original Series Season Two Remastered Edition It later acquired the retronym of Star Trek The Original Series Star Trek TOS or simply TOS to distinguish the show within the media franchise that it began The show is set in the Milky Way galaxy roughly during the 2260s The ship and crew are led by Captain James T Kirk William Shatner first officer and science officer Spock Leonard Nimoy and chief medical officer Leonard McCoy DeForest Kelley Shatners voiceover introduction during each episodes opening credits stated the starships purpose Space the final frontier These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise Its fiveyear mission to explore strange new worlds to seek out new life and new civilizations to boldly go where no man has gone before The series was produced from September 1966 to December 1967 by Norway Productions and Desilu Productions and by Paramount Television from January 1968 to June 1969 Star Trek aired on NBC from September 8 1966 to June 3 19695 and was actually seen first on September 6 1966 on Canadas CTV network 6Star Treks Nielsen ratings while on NBC were low and the network canceled it after three seasons and 79 episodes Several years later the series became a bona fide hit in broadcast syndication remaining so throughout the 1970s achieving cult classic status and a developing influence on popular culture Star Trek eventually spawned a franchise consisting of six additional television series thirteen feature films numerous books games and toys and is now widely considered one of the most popular and influential television series of all time 7 The series contains significant elements of Space Western as described by Gene Roddenberry and the general audience 8 Contents 1 Creation 2 Development 3 Production 3 1 Season 1 1966–67 3 2 Season 2 1967–68 3 3 Season 3 1968–69 3 4 Syndication 3 5 Remastered edition 4 Cast 4 1 Characterizations 4 2 Characters cameo appearances in later series 4 3 Notable guest appearances 5 Episodes 5 1 Notable episodes 5 2 Leonard Nimoy Star Trek Memories 6 Broadcast history 7 Music 7 1 Theme song 7 2 Dramatic underscore 7 3 Episodes with original music 8 Awards 9 Distribution 9 1 Home media 9 2 Bluray 9 3 Online distribution 10 Merchandising 10 1 Action figures 10 2 Comic books 11 Cultural influence 11 1 Parodies 11 2 Fan productions 12 Criticisms 13 See also 14 References 15 External links Creationedit On March 11 1964 Gene Roddenberry was a longtime fan of science fiction and he drafted a short treatment for a sciencefiction television series that he called Star Trek 9 This was to be set on board a large interstellar spaceship named S S Yorktown in the 23rd century1011 bearing a crew dedicated to exploring a relatively small portion of the Milky Way Galaxy Roddenberry has noted some of the influences on his idea including A E van Vogts tales of the spaceship Space Beagle Eric Frank Russells Marathon series of stories and the film Forbidden Planet 1956 Some have also drawn parallels with the television series Rocky Jones Space Ranger 1954 a space opera which included many of the elements that were integral to Star Trekthe organization crew relationships missions part of the bridge layout and even some technology 12 Roddenberry also drew heavily from C S Foresters Horatio Hornblower novels that depict a daring sea captain who exercises broad discretionary authority on distant sea missions of noble purpose He often humorously referred to Captain Kirk as Horatio Hornblower in Space 13 Roddenberry had extensive experience in writing for series about the Old West that had been popular television fare in the 1960s and the 1950s Armed with this background the first draft characterizes the new show as Wagon Train to the stars 914 Like the familiar Wagon Train each episode was to be a selfcontained adventure story set within the structure of a continuing voyage through space All future television and movie realizations of the franchise adhered to the Wagon Train paradigm of the continuing journey with the notable exception of the serialized Star Trek Deep Space Nine and the third season of Star Trek Enterprise In Roddenberrys original concept the protagonist was Captain Robert April of the starship S S Yorktown This character was developed into Captain Christopher Pike first portrayed by Jeffrey Hunter Developmentedit In April 1964 Roddenberry presented the Star Trek draft to Desilu Productions a leading independent television production company 15 He met with Herb Solow Desilus Director of Production Solow saw promise in the idea and signed a threeyear programdevelopment contract with Roddenberry 16Lucille Ball head of Desilu was not familiar with the nature of the project but she was instrumental in getting the pilot produced 17 The idea was extensively revised and fleshed out during this time – The Cage pilot filmed in late 1964 differs in many respects from the March 1964 treatment Solow for example added the stardate concept 16 Desilu Productions had a firstlook deal with CBS 18 Oscar Katz Desilus Vice President of Production went with Roddenberry to pitch the series to the network 19 They refused to purchase the show as they already had a similar show in development the 1965 Irwin Allen series Lost in Space 20 In May 1964 Solow who previously worked at NBC met with Grant Tinker then head of the networks West Coast programming department Tinker commissioned the first pilot – which became The Cage 1521 NBC turned down the resulting pilot stating that it was too cerebral 22 However the NBC executives were still impressed with the concept and they understood that its perceived faults had been partly because of the script that they had selected themselves 13 NBC made the unusual decision to pay for a second pilot using the script called Where No Man Has Gone Before 22 Only the character of Spock played by Leonard Nimoy was retained from the first pilot and only two cast members Majel Barrett and Nimoy were carried forward into the series This second pilot proved to be satisfactory to NBC and the network selected Star Trek to be in its upcoming television schedule for the fall of 1966 The second pilot introduced most of the other main characters Captain Kirk William Shatner chief engineer Lt Commander Scott James Doohan and Lt Sulu George Takei who served as a physicist on the ship in the second pilot but subsequently became a helmsman throughout the rest of the series Paul Fix played Dr Mark Piper in the second pilot ships doctor Leonard McCoy DeForest Kelley joined the cast when filming began for the first season and he remained for the rest of the series achieving billing as the third star of the series Also joining the ships permanent crew during the first season were the communications officer Lt Nyota Uhura Nichelle Nichols the first AfricanAmerican woman to hold such an important role in an American television series23 the captains yeoman Janice Rand Grace Lee Whitney who departed midway through the first season and Christine Chapel Majel Barrett head nurse and assistant to McCoy Walter Koenig joined the cast as Ensign Pavel Chekov in the series second season In February 1966 Star Trek was nearly killed by Desilu Productions before airing the first episode Desilu had gone from making just one halfhour show The Lucy Show to deficit financing a portion of two expensive hourlong shows Mission Impossible and Star Trek 24 Solow was able to convince Lucille Ball that both shows should continue 18 Productionedit The original starship Enterprise Once the series was picked up by NBC the production moved to what was then Desilu Productions Gower street location It was previously the main studio complex used by RKO Pictures and is now part of the Paramount Pictures lot The series used what are now stages 31 and 32 18 The shows production staff included art director Matt Jefferies Jefferies designed the starship Enterprise and most of its interiors 25 His contributions to the series were honored in the name of the Jefferies tube an equipment shaft depicted in various Star Trek series In addition to working with his brother John Jefferies to create the handheld phaser weapons of Star Trek Jefferies also developed the set design for the bridge of the Enterprise which was based on an earlier design by Pato Guzman Jefferies used his practical experience as an airman during World War II and his knowledge of aircraft design to devise a sleek functional and ergonomic bridge layout The costume designer for Star Trek Bill Theiss created the striking look of the Starfleet uniforms for the Enterprise the costumes for female guest stars and for various aliens including the Klingons Vulcans Romulans Tellarites Andorians and Gideonites among others Artist and sculptor Wah Chang who had worked for Walt Disney Productions was hired to design and manufacture props he created the flipopen communicator often credited as having influenced the configuration of the portable version of the cellular telephone 26 Chang also designed the portable sensingrecordingcomputing tricorder device and various fictitious devices for the starships engineering crew and its sick bay As the series progressed he helped to create various memorable aliens such as the Gorn and the Horta Season 1 1966–67edit Main article Star Trek The Original Series season 1 William Shatner as Kirk in action from the episode Where No Man Has Gone Before 1966 NBC ordered 16 episodes of Star Trek besides Where No Man Has Gone Before 22 The first regular episode of Star Trek The Man Trap27 aired on Thursday September 8 1966 from 830–930 as part of an NBC sneak preview block Reviews were mixed while The Philadelphia Inquirer and San Francisco Chronicle liked the new show The New York Times and The Boston Globe were less favorable28 and Variety predicted that it wont work calling it an incredible and dreary mess of confusion and complexities 29 Debuting against mostly reruns Star Trek easily won its time slot with a 40 6 share 30 The following week against allnew programming however the show fell to second 29 4 share behind CBS It ranked 33rd out of 94 programs over the next two weeks then the following two episodes ranked 51st in the ratings 3132 I am an avid fan of Star Trek and would simply die if it was taken off the air In my opinion it is the best show on television M P Oswego New York February 20 196733 Title used for the first season Star Treks firstseason ratings would in earlier years likely have caused NBC to cancel the show The network had pioneered research into viewers demographic profiles in the early 1960s however and by 1967 it and other networks increasingly considered such data when making decisions34115 for example CBS temporarily cancelled Gunsmoke that year because it had too many older and too few younger viewers 28 Although Roddenberry later claimed that NBC was unaware of Star Treks favorable demographics35 awareness of Star Treks quality audience is what likely caused the network to retain the show after the first and second seasons 34115 NBC instead decided to order 10 more new episodes for the first season and order a second season in March 1967 2236 The network originally announced that the show would air at 730–830 pm Tuesday but it was instead given an 830–930 pm Friday slot when the 1967–68 NBC schedule was released37 making watching it difficult for the young viewers that the show most attracted 22 Season 2 1967–68edit Main article Star Trek The Original Series season 2 Spock Kirk and the Enterprise 1968 Star Treks ratings continued to decline during the second season Although Shatner expected the show to end after two seasons and began to prepare for other projects38 NBC nonetheless may have never seriously considered cancelling the show 3928 As early as January 1968 the Associated Press reported that Star Treks chances for renewal for a third season were excellent The show had better ratings for NBC than ABCs competing Hondo and the competing CBS programs 3 Gomer Pyle U S M C and the first halfhour of the 12 CBS Friday Night Movie were in the top 15 in the Nielsen ratings 3940 Again demographics helped Star Trek survive 34116 Contrary to popular belief among its fans the show did not have a larger audience of young viewers than its competition while on NBC 28 The networks research did however indicate that Star Trek had a quality audience including upperincome bettereducated males and other NBC shows had lower overall ratings 3411639 The show was unusual at the time in its serious discussion of contemporary societal issues in a futuristic context unlike Lost in Space which was more campy in nature 41 Look Look It doesnt stop Theyre lined up all the way down the street Norman Lunenfeld NBC executive on the mail trucks delivering Star Trek fans letters42 The enthusiasm of Star Treks viewers surprised NBC 28 The network had already received 29000 fan letters for the show during its first season more than for any other except The Monkees 22 When rumors spread in late 1967 that Star Trek was at risk of cancellation Roddenberry secretly began and funded an effort by Bjo Trimble her husband John and other fans to persuade tens of thousands of viewers to write letters of support to save the program 4243377–39444 Using the 4000 names on a mailing list for a sciencefiction convention the Trimbles asked fans to write to NBC and ask ten others to also do so 45128 NBC received almost 116000 letters for the show between December 1967 and March 1968 including more than 52000 in February alone464722 according to an NBC executive the network received more than one million pieces of mail but only disclosed the 116000 figure 42 Newspaper columnists encouraged readers to write letters to help save what one called the best science fiction show on the air 48 More than 200 Caltech students marched to NBCs Burbank California studio to support Star Trek in January 1968 carrying signs such as Draft Spock and Vulcan Power 49Berkeley and MIT students organized similar protests in San Francisco and New York 48 The letters supporting Star Trek whose authors included New York State Governor Nelson Rockefeller50 were different in both quantity and quality from most mail that television networks receive The show according to the 6000 letters it draws a week more than any other in television is watched by scientists museum curators psychiatrists doctors university professors and other highbrows The Smithsonian Institution asked for a print of the show for its archives the only show so honored 48 In addition Much of the mail came from doctors scientists teachers and other professional people and was for the most part literate–and written on good stationery And if there is anything a network wants almost as much as a high Nielsen ratings it is the prestige of a show that appeals to the upper middle class and high brow audiences 38 And now an announcement of interest to all viewers of Star Trek We are pleased to tell you that Star Trek will continue to be seen on NBC Television We know you will be looking forward to seeing the weekly adventure in space on Star Trek NBC announcer March 1 1968465028 NBCwhich used such anecdotes in much of its publicity for the showmade the unusual decision to announce on television after the episode The Omega Glory on March 1 1968 that the series had been renewed 34116–11750 The announcement implied a request to stop writing42 but instead caused fans to send letters of thanks in similar numbers 51 Season 3 1968–69edit Main article Star Trek The Original Series season 3 Spocks Brain was the first episode of the third season NBC at first planned to move Star Trek to Mondays for the shows third season likely in hopes of increasing its audience after the enormous letter campaign surprised the network 28 But in March 1968 NBC instead moved the show to 1000 pm Friday night an hour undesirable for its younger audience4452 so as not to conflict with the highly successful Rowan & Martins LaughIn on Monday evenings53 from whose time slot LaughIn producer George Schlatter had angrily demanded it not be rescheduled In addition to the undesirable time slot Star Trek was now being seen on only 181 of NBCs 210 affiliates 54 Roddenberry was frustrated and complained If the network wants to kill us it couldnt make a better move 44 He attempted to persuade NBC to give Star Trek a better day and hour but was not successful As a result of this and his own growing exhaustion he chose to withdraw from the stress of the daily production of Star Trek though he remained nominally in charge as its executive producer 55 Roddenberry reduced his direct involvement in Star Trek before the start of the 1968–69 television season and was replaced by Fred Freiberger as the producer of the television series NBC next reduced Star Treks budget by a significant amount per episode as the perminute commercial price had dropped from 39000 to 36000 compared to the Season 2 time slot 56 This caused a significant decline in the quality of many episodes for the 1968–69 season57 which emphasized monster of the week stories 58 Nichols described these budget cuts as an intentional effort to kill off Star Trek While NBC paid lip service to expanding Star Treks audience it now slashed our production budget until it was actually ten percent lower than it had been in our first season This is why in the third season you saw fewer outdoor location shots for example Top writers top guest stars top anything you needed was harder to come by Thus Star Treks demise became a selffulfilling prophecy And I can assure you that is exactly as it was meant to be 59 The last day of filming for Star Trek was January 9 196922 and after 79 episodes60 NBC cancelled the show in February despite fans attempt at another letterwriting campaign 28 One newspaper columnist advised a protesting viewer You Star Trek fans have fought the good fight but the show has been cancelled and theres nothing to be done now 61 In 2011 the decision to cancel Star Trek by NBC was ranked 4 on the TV Guide Network special 25 Biggest TV Blunders 2 62 Syndicationedit Surprisingly one show no longer programmed by a network but syndicated to local television stations Star Trek sometimes appeared among the top five favorites in areas where the show is carried Students rate television 197163 Although many of the third seasons episodes were considered of poor quality it gave Star Trek enough episodes for television syndication 64 Most shows require at least four seasons for syndication because otherwise there are not enough episodes for daily stripping Kaiser Broadcasting however purchased syndication rights for Star Trek during the first season for its stations in several large cities The company arranged the unusual deal because it saw the show as effective counterprogramming against the Big Three networks 6 pm evening news programs 6513822 Paramount began advertising the reruns in trade press in March 196966 as Kaisers ratings were good other stations such as WPIX in New York City and WKBS in Philadelphia also purchased the episodes6791–92 for similar counterprogramming 34121 Through syndication Star Trek found a larger audience than it had on NBC becoming a cult classic 6865138–139 Airing the show in the late afternoon or early evening attracted many new viewers often young 58 By 1970 Paramounts trade advertisements claimed that the show had significantly improved its stations ratings66 and the Los Angeles Times commented on Star Treks ability to acquire the most enviable ratings in the syndication field 34121 By 1972 what the Associated Press described as the show that wont die aired in more than 100 American cities and 60 other countries and more than 3000 fans attended the first Star Trek convention in New York City 6958 Since that dark day in 1969 when NBC brought the programming hammer down on Star Trek there probably hasnt been a 24hour period when the original program one of the original episodes wasnt being aired somewhere Chicago Tribune 198770 Fans of the show became increasingly organized gathering at conventions to trade merchandise meet actors from the show and watch screenings of old episodes Such fans came to be known as trekkies68 who were noted and often ridiculed for their extreme devotion to the show and their encyclopedic knowledge of every episode 71 Unlike other syndicated reruns prices for Star Trek rose instead of falling over time34122 because fans enjoyed rewatching each episode many often dozens of times726873People in 1977 stated that the show threatens to rerun until the universe crawls back into its little black hole 74 By 1986 17 years after entering syndication Star Trek was the most popular syndicated series75 by 1987 Paramount made 1 million from each episode22 and by 1994 the reruns still aired in 94 of the United States 76 From September 1 to December 24 1998 the SciFi Channel broadcast a Special Edition of all The Original Series episodes in an expanded 90minute format hosted by William Shatner About 3–4 minutes of each episode that had been edited out of the syndicated shows for additional commercial time were restored for the Special Edition broadcast In addition to introductory and postepisode commentary by Shatner the episodes included interviews with members of the regular production team and cast writers guest stars and critics titled as Star Trek Insights The episodes were broadcast in the original broadcast sequence followed by The Cage to which a full 105minute segment was devoted For details on each episodes original airdate see List of Star Trek The Original Series episodes Leonard Nimoy hosted a second run from December 28 1998 to March 24 1999 but not all the episodes were broadcast because the show was abruptly cancelled before completion citation neededoriginal research Remastered editionedit In September 2006 CBS Paramount Domestic Television now known as CBS Television Distribution the current rights holders for the Star Trek television franchises began syndication of an enhanced version of Star Trek The Original Series in high definition with new CGI visual effects 77 Under the direction of Star Trek producer David Rossi who consulted with Mike and Denise Okuda the visual and special effects were recreated to give Star Trek The Original Series a more modern look Special attention was given to such elements as the Enterprise alien planets and their images depicted from space planets seen from orbit alien spacecraft and technology such as computer readouts viewscreen images and phaser beams The restoration and enhancement was performed by CBS Digital All liveaction footage was scanned in high definition from its firstgeneration 35 mm film elements While it was possible to retouch and remaster some visual effects all new exterior ship space and planet shots were recreated under the supervision of Emmynominated visual effects supervisor Niel Wray As noted in the making of DVD feature first generation original camera negatives were used for all liveaction footage but not for external shots of the ship and planets Notable changes include new space shots with a CGI Enterprise and other new models for example a Gorn ship is shown in Arena redone matte background shots and other minor touches such as tidying up viewscreens A small number of scenes have also been recomposed and sometimes new actors have been placed into the background of some shots 78 In addition the opening theme music has been rerecorded in digital stereo The first episode to be released to syndication was Balance of Terror on the weekend of September 16 2006 Episodes were released at the rate of about one a week and broadcast in a 43 aspect ratio Despite the HD remastering CBS chose to deliver the broadcast syndication package in Standard Definition SD TV The HD format is commercially available through Bluray or by download such as iTunes Netflix and Xbox Live 79 While the CGI shots were mastered in a 169 aspect ratio for future applications they are broadcast in the U S and Canada – along with the liveaction footage – in a 43 aspect ratio to respect the shows original composition If the producers were to choose to reformat the entire show for the 169 ratio liveaction footage would have to be cropped significantly reducing the height of the original image On July 26 2007 CBS Home Entertainment with distribution by Paramount Home Entertainment announced that the remastered episodes of TOS would be released on an HD DVDDVD hybrid format Season 1 was released on November 20 2007 Season 2 had been scheduled for release in the summer of 2008 but it was cancelled when Toshiba which had been helping finance the remastering of the show pulled out of the HD DVD business 80 On August 5 2008 the remastered Season 2 was released on DVD only 81 For this release CBS and Paramount used discs without any disc art making them look like the Season 1 Remastered HD DVDDVD combo discs despite having content only on one side citation needed Season 3 was released on DVD only on November 18 2008 82 On February 17 2009 – Paramount announced the Season 1 of TOS on Bluray Disc for a May release to coincide with the new feature film coming from Paramount 83 The second season was released in a seven disc set on Bluray in the U S on September 22 2009 84 The third season was released on Bluray in the U S on December 15 85 With the release of the Alternate Realities box set remastered Original Series episodes were included in a multiseries compilation for the first time It is unknown if future compilation releases will exclusively use the remastered episodes or not 86 In region 2 and region 4 all three seasons of the remastered Original Series became available on DVD in the slimline edition in the UK and Germany in steelbook editions on April 27 2009 as well as the first season in Bluray citation needed Main article List of Star Trek The Original Series cast members James T Kirk Leonard McCoy Montgomery Scott Nyota Uhura Hikaru Sulu Pavel Chekov Christine Chapel Janice Rand William Shatner as Captain James T Kirk The commanding officer of the USS Enterprise Leonard Nimoy as Commander Spock The ships halfhumanhalfVulcan science officer and firstexecutive officer i e secondincommand DeForest Kelley as Lieutenant Commander Dr Leonard Bones McCoy The ships chief medical officer James Doohan as Lieutenant Commander Montgomery Scotty Scott The Enterprises chief engineer and second officer i e thirdincommand Nichelle Nichols as Lieutenant Nyota Uhura The ships communications officer George Takei as Lieutenant Hikaru Sulu The ships helmsman Walter Koenig as Ensign Pavel Chekov A Russian born navigator introduced in the shows second season Majel Barrett as Nurse Christine Chapel The ships head nurse Barrett who played the ships first officer number one in The Cage also voiced the ships computer Grace Lee Whitney as Janice Rand The captains yeoman Although Rand appears in several promotional images for the show she stopped appearing midway through the first season While still casting the roles Gene Roddenberry did not mandate Bones McCoy and Spock be male According to Nichelle Nichols They gave me a threepage script to read from that had three characters named Bones Kirk and somebody called Spock and they asked me if I would read for the role of Spock When I looked at this great text I said to myself Ill take any one of these roles but I found the Spock character to be very interesting and I asked them to tell me what she Spock was like 87 It was intended that Sulus role be expanded in the second season but owing to Takeis part in John Waynes The Green Berets he only appeared in half the season with his role being filled by Walter Koenig as the relatively young moptopped Russian navigator Ensign Pavel Chekov When Takei returned the two had to share a dressing room and a single episode script 88 The two appeared together at the Enterprise helm for the remainder of the series There may be some truth to the unofficial story that the Soviet Unions newspaper Pravda complained that there were no Soviets among the culturally diverse characters This was seen as a personal slight to that country since the Soviet Russian Yuri Gagarin had been the first man to make a spaceflight Gene Roddenberry said in response that The Chekov thing was a major error on our part and Im still embarrassed by the fact we didnt include a Russian right from the beginning 13 However documentation from Desilu suggests that the intention was to introduce a character into Star Trek with more sex appeal to teenaged girls 13 Walter Koenig noted in the 2006 40th anniversary special of Star Trek The Original Series that he doubted the rumor about Pravda since Star Trek had never been shown on Soviet television It has also been claimed that the former member of The Monkees Davy Jones was the model for Mr Chekov 89 In addition the series frequently included characters usually security personnel wearing red uniforms who are killed or injured soon after their introduction So prevalent was this plot device that it inspired the term redshirt to denote a stock character whose sole purpose is to die violently to show the dangerous circumstances facing the main characters Characterizationsedit Promotional photo of the cast of Star Trek during the third season 1968–1969 From left to right James Doohan Walter Koenig DeForest Kelley Majel Barrett William Shatner Nichelle Nichols Leonard Nimoy and George Takei Star Trek made celebrities of its cast of largely unknown actors Kelley had appeared in many films and television shows but mostly in smaller roles that showcased him as a villain Nimoy also had previous television and film experience but was also not well known Nimoy had partnered previously with Shatner in a 1964 episode of The Man from U N C L E The Project Strigas Affair and with Kelley as a doctor in a 1963 episode of The Virginian Man of Violence both more than two years before Star Trek aired for the first time Before Star Trek Shatner was well known in the trade having appeared in several notable films played Cyrano de Bergerac on Broadway and even turned down the part of Dr Kildare However when roles became sparse he took the regular job after Jeffrey Hunters contract was not renewed After the episodes aired many performers found themselves typecast because of their defining roles in the show Star Trek The Next Generation actor Michael Dorn stated in 1991 however If what happened to the first cast is called being typecast then I want to be typecast Of course they didnt get the jobs after Trek But they are making their sixth movie Name me someone else in television who has made six movies64 The three main characters were Kirk Spock and McCoy with writers often playing the different personalities off each other Kirk was passionate and often aggressive but with a sly sense of humor Spock was coolly logical and McCoy was sardonic emotional and illogical but always compassionate In many stories the three clashed with Kirk forced to make a tough decision while Spock advocated the logical but sometimes callous path and McCoy or Bones as Kirk nicknamed him insisted on doing whatever would cause the least harm McCoy and Spock had a sparring relationship that masked their true affection and respect for each other and their constant arguments became popular with viewers 90153–154 The show so emphasized dialogue that writer and director Nicholas Meyer involved with the Star Trek films called it a radio drama showing an episode to a film class without video to prove that the plot was still comprehensible 64 The Spock character was at first rejected by network executives who were apprehensive that his vaguely Satanic appearance with pointed ears and eyebrows might prove upsetting to some viewers and according to Leonard Nimoy they repeatedly urged Roddenberry to drop the Martian Roddenberry was also dismayed to discover that NBCs publicity department deliberately airbrushed out Spocks pointed ears and eyebrows from early publicity stills sent to network affiliates because they feared that his demonic appearance might offend potential buyers in the religiously conservative southern states Spock however went on to become one of the most popular characters on the show as did McCoys impassioned countrydoctor personality Spock in fact became a sex symbol of sorts91something no one connected with the show had expected Leonard Nimoy noted that the question of Spocks extraordinary sex appeal emerged almost any time I talked to someone in the press I never give it a thought to try to deal with the question of Mr Spock as a sex symbol is silly 92 Characters cameo appearances in later seriesedit The sequel to the original series Star Trek The Next Generation which premiered in 1987 was set about 100 years after the events of TOS As that show and its spinoffs progressed several TOS actors made appearances reprising their original characters Leonard Bones McCoy now a 137yearold admiral inspects the EnterpriseD during its first mission in Encounter at Farpoint briefly meeting the android officer Lt Cdr Data Scotty now chronologically 147 years old but still only physically 72 years old after spending 75 years trapped in a transporter buffer is rescued by the EnterpriseD crew and resumes his life in Relics Working along with Chief Engineer Geordi La Forge Scotty uses some creative engineering to save the Enterprise A grateful Captain Picard lends him a shuttlecraft indefinitely Spock now a Vulcan ambassador goes underground in the Romulan Empire in hopes of fostering peaceful coexistence with the Federation and reunification with Vulcan society Unification Parts I and II He also appears in the 2009 reboot film where his science vessel originated from the 24th century–era of TNG He ends up stranded in the 23rd century of the film series where he settles on new Vulcan in the sequel film Star Trek Into Darkness he is contacted by his younger selfregarding the villainous Khan Noonien Singh Sarek Spocks father continues to be an ambassador for the next century until his final mission during which he and Captain Picard mindmeld together because Sarek shows signs of Bendii Syndrome Sarek He later dies suffering from this affliction but not before giving Captain Picard key information for locating his missing son Unification James Kirk disappears in 2293 during the maiden voyage of the EnterpriseB as seen in the film Star Trek Generations However 78 years later Kirk is recovered from The Nexus an alternative plane of existence by EnterpriseD Captain JeanLuc Picard in the same film Kirks time in the 24th century is short however he is killed while helping to defeat Dr Tolian Soran Kang Koloth and Kor the three Klingons featured in Day of the Dove Kang The Trouble with Tribbles Koloth and Errand of Mercy Kor continue to serve the Empire well into the 24th century They appear in the Star Trek Deep Space Nine episode Blood Oath in which Kang and Koloth are killed Kor later appears in two more episodes The Sword of Kahless and finally in Once More Unto the Breach where he honorably dies in battle fighting in the Dominion War A younger version of Kang from the era of Star Trek VI The Undiscovered Country later appears in the Star Trek Voyager episode Flashback Hikaru Sulu promoted to captain of the USS Excelsior in Star Trek VI The Undiscovered Country reprises his role from that performance in the Star Trek Voyager episode Flashback Janice Rand also appears in that same episode Arne Darvin the Klingon disguised as a human in The Trouble with Tribbles appears in Trials and Tribbleations with the intent to return to Deep Space Station K7 in 2267 and assassinate Kirk whom Darvin blamed for his disgrace within the Klingon Empire Besides the above examples there have been numerous noncanon novels and comic books published over the years in which The Original Series era crew are depicted in The Next Generation era either through timetravel or other means In addition many actors who appeared on The Original Series later made guest appearances as different characters in later series most notably Majel Barrett who not only provided the voice for most Starfleet computers in episodes of every spinoff series including a single appearance on Star Trek Enterprise where the computers normally did not speak at all but also had the recurring role of Lwaxana Troi in The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine Diana Muldaur a guest star in the episodes Return to Tomorrow and Is There in Truth No Beauty of the original Star Trek series played series regular Dr Katherine Pulaski in the second season of Star Trek The Next Generation Notable guest appearancesedit Guest roles on the series have featured actors such as Gary Lockwood and Sally Kellerman in Where No Man Has Gone Before Diana Muldaur in Return to Tomorrow and Is There in Truth No Beauty She also starred as Dr Katherine Pulaski in the second season of Star Trek The Next Generation Ricardo Montalbán as Khan Noonien Singh in Space Seed He later reprised the role in the film Star Trek II The Wrath of Khan Michael Ansara as Klingon commander Kang in Day of the Dove He later reprised the role in the Deep Space Nine episode Blood Oath and the Voyager episode Flashback William Marshall in The Ultimate Computer Julie Newmar in Fridays Child Kim Darby and Michael J Pollard in Miri Robert Lansing and Teri Garr in Assignment Earth William Windom in The Doomsday Machine John Colicos as the Klingon Commander Kor in Errand of Mercy 30 years later Colicos would reprise the role in three episodes of Deep Space Nine Robert Walker Jr in Charlie X Lee Meriwether in That Which Survives Roger C Carmel in Mudds Women and I Mudd France Nuyen in Elaan of Troyius Mark Lenard as the Romulan commander in Balance of Terror and as Spocks father Sarek in Journey to Babel He played the role of the Klingon Commander in Star Trek The Motion Picture making him the only actor to play members of three major nonhuman races He later reprised the role of Sarek in the films Star Trek III The Search for Spock Star Trek IV The Voyage Home and Star Trek VI The Undiscovered Country as well as the TNG episodes Sarek and Unification Part 1 Jane Wyatt as Spocks mother Amanda Grayson in Journey to Babel She later reprised the role in the film Star Trek IV The Voyage Home Glenn Corbett and Elinor Donahue in Metamorphosis Elisha Cook Jr in Court Martial Nancy Kovack in A Private Little War Vic Tayback in A Piece of the Action Jeff Corey and Fred Williamson in The Cloud Minders Barbara Bouchet and Warren Stevens in By Any Other Name Michael Forest in Who Mourns for Adonais Charles Napier in The Way to Eden Frank Gorshin and Lou Antonio in Let That Be Your Last Battlefield Ted Cassidy and Sherry Jackson in What Are Little Girls Made Of Mariette Hartley in All Our Yesterdays Joan Collins in The City on the Edge of Forever Celia Lovsky in Amok Time David Soul in The Apple James Gregory in Dagger of the Mind Barbara Anderson in The Conscience of the King James Daly in Requiem for Methuselah Jill Ireland in This Side of Paradise Melvin Belli in And the Children Shall Lead Keye Luke and Yvonne Craig in Whom Gods Destroy Michael Dunn in Platos Stepchildren Clint Howard in The Corbomite Maneuver Barbara Luna in Mirror Mirror David Opatoshu in A Taste of Armageddon Barbara Babcock in A Taste of Armageddon and Platos Stepchildren Morgan Woodward in Dagger of the Mind and The Omega Glory Arnold Moss as mysterious actor Anton Karidian alterego of the tyrannical Governor Kodos of Tarsus IV in The Conscience of the King Marianna Hill in Dagger of the Mind Joanne Linville in The Enterprise Incident Louise Sorel in Requiem for Methuselah John Fiedler in Wolf in the Fold Episodesedit Main article List of Star Trek The Original Series episodes Shatner and Julie Newmar 1967 In its writing Star Trek is notable as one of the earliest sciencefiction TV series to use the services of leading contemporary science fiction writers such as Robert Bloch Norman Spinrad Harlan Ellison and Theodore Sturgeon as well as established television writers Series script editor Dorothy C Fontana originally Roddenberrys secretary played a key role in the success of Star Trekshe edited most of the series scripts and wrote several episodes Her credits read D C Fontana at the suggestion of Gene Roddenberry who felt a female science fiction writer might not be taken seriously in the majoritymale field Roddenberry often used the setting of a space vessel set many years in the future to comment on social issues of 1960s America including sexism racism nationalism and global war 44 In November 1968 just a few months after the first televised interracial touch the episode Platos Stepchildren went incorrectly93 down in history as the first American television show to feature a scripted interracial kiss between characters Capt Kirk and Lt Uhura although the kiss was only mimed obscured by the back of a characters head and depicted as involuntary 94 Let That Be Your Last Battlefield presented a direct allegory about the irrationality and futility of racism Antiwar themes appear in episodes such as The Doomsday Machine depicting a planetdestroying weapon as an analogy to nuclear weapons deployed under the principle of mutually assured destruction and A Taste of Armageddon about a society which has civilized war to the point that they no longer see it as something to avoid Episodes such as The Apple Who Mourns for Adonais The Mark of Gideon and The Return of the Archons display subtle antireligious owing mainly to Roddenberrys own secular humanism and antiestablishment themes Bread and Circuses and The Omega Glory have themes that are more proChristian or patriotic original research The show experienced network andor sponsor interference up to and including wholesale censorship of scripts and film footage This was a regular occurrence in the 1960s and Star Trek suffered from its fair share of tampering Scripts were routinely vetted and censored by the staff of NBCs Broadcast Standards Department who copiously annotated every script with demands for cuts or changes e g Page 4 Please delete McCoys expletive Good Lord or Page 43 Caution on the embrace avoid openmouthed kiss 95 The series was noted for its sense of humor such as Spock and McCoys pointed yet friendly bickering Certain episodes such as The Trouble with Tribbles I Mudd and A Piece of the Action were written and staged as comedies with dramatic elements Most episodes were presented as actionadventure dramas frequently including space battles or fist fights between the ships crew and guest antagonists Several episodes used the concept of planets developing parallel to Earth allowing reuse of stock props costumes and sets Bread and Circuses Miri and The Omega Glory depict such worlds A Piece of the Action Patterns of Force and Platos Stepchildren are based on alien planets that have adopted period Earth cultures Prohibitionera Chicago Nazi Germany and ancient Greece respectively Two episodes depicting time travel Tomorrow Is Yesterday and Assignment Earth conveniently place Enterprise in orbit above 1960s Earth a third The City on the Edge of Forever places members of the crew on 1930s Earth Notable episodesedit Several publications have ranked the ten best episodes of Star Trek Rank Entertainment Weekly 199596 IGN 201297 Newsweek 201698 Hollywood com 201399 1 The City on the Edge of Forever The City on the Edge of Forever The Doomsday Machine The City on the Edge of Forever 2 Space Seed Balance of Terror Space Seed Arena 3 Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror 4 The Doomsday Machine Space Seed The Trouble with Tribbles Balance of Terror 5 Amok Time The Trouble with Tribbles The Enterprise Incident Space Seed 6 The Devil in the Dark Where No Man Has Gone Before Journey to Babel Galileo Seven 7 The Trouble with Tribbles The Enemy Within Balance of Terror Amok Time 8 This Side of Paradise The Naked Time Arena Journey to Babel 9 The Enterprise Incident This Side of Paradise Amok Time The Doomsday Machine 10 Journey to Babel Arena The City on the Edge of Forever The Enterprise Incident Of the sixteen episodes listed above ten – Where No Man Has Gone Before The Enemy Within The Naked Time Balance of Terror The Galileo Seven Arena Space Seed This Side of Paradise The Devil in the Dark and The City on the Edge of Forever – are from the first season and five – Amok Time The Doomsday Machine Mirror Mirror The Trouble with Tribbles and Journey to Babel – are from the second season Only one – The Enterprise Incident – derives from the third season Leonard Nimoy Star Trek Memoriesedit In 1983 Leonard Nimoy hosted a onehour special as a promotional tiein with the film Star Trek III The Search for Spock in which he recounted his memories of working on the original series and explained the origins of things such as the Vulcan nerve pinch and the Vulcan salute as well as a reairing of the TOS episode Space Seed 100 Broadcast historyedit Season Time slot ET 1966–67 Thursday at 830 pm 1967–68 Friday at 830 pm 1968–69 Friday at 1000 pm episodes 1–23Tuesday at 730 pm episode 24 Theme songedit Main article Theme from Star Trek The shows theme tune immediately recognizable by many was written by Alexander Courage and has been featured in several Star Trek spinoff episodes and motion pictures Gene Roddenberry subsequently wrote a set of accompanying lyrics even though the lyrics were never used in the series nor did Roddenberry ever intend them to be this allowed him to claim cocomposer credit and hence 50 of the themes performance royalties Courage considered Roddenberrys actions while entirely legal to be unethical 101 Series producer Robert Justman noted in the book Inside Star Trek The Real Story that work on the film Doctor Dolittle kept Courage from working on more than two episodes of the first season However Justman also believed that Courage lost enthusiasm for the series because of the royalty issue 43185 Courage did not score any episodes of the second season however he did conduct a recording session for about 30 minutes of library cues for the second season on June 16 1967 102 Courage returned to score two episodes of the third season Later episodes used stock recordings from Courages earlier work Jazz trumpeter Maynard Ferguson recorded a jazz fusion version of the tune with his big band during the late 1970s and Nichelle Nichols performed the song live complete with lyrics Dramatic underscoreedit For budgetary reasons this series made significant use of tracked music or music written for other episodes that was reused in later episodes Of the 79 episodes that were broadcast only 31 had complete or partial original dramatic underscores created specifically for them The remainder of the music in any episode was tracked from other episodes and from cues recorded for the music library Which episodes would have new music was mostly the decision of Robert H Justman the Associate Producer during the first two seasons Screen credits for the composers were given based on the amount of music composed for or composed and reused in the episode Some of these final music credits were occasionally incorrect Beyond the short works of source music music whose source is seen or acknowledged onscreen created for specific episodes eight composers were contracted to create original dramatic underscore during the series run Alexander Courage George Duning Jerry Fielding Gerald Fried Sol Kaplan Samuel Matlovsky Joseph Mullendore and Fred Steiner The composers conducted their own music Of these composers Steiner composed the original music for thirteen episodes and it is his instrumental arrangement of Alexander Courages main theme that is heard over many of the end title credits of the series The tracked musical underscores were chosen and edited to the episode by the music editors principal of whom were Robert Raff most of Season One Jim Henrikson Season One and Two and Richard Lapham Season Three 103 Some of the original recordings of the music were released in the United States commercially on the GNP Crescendo Record Co label Music for a number of the episodes was rerecorded by Fred Steiner and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra for the Varèse Sarabande label and by Tony Bremner with the Royal Philharmonic for the Label X label Finally in December 2012 the complete original recordings were released by LaLa Land Records as a 15CD box set with liner notes by Jeff Bond 104 Episodes with original musicedit Listed in production order Episodes that were only partially scored are in italics 105 Season 1 The Cage Alexander Courage Where No Man Has Gone Before Alexander Courage The Corbomite Maneuver Fred Steiner Mudds Women Fred Steiner The Enemy Within Sol Kaplan The Man Trap Alexander Courage The Naked Time Alexander Courage Charlie X Fred Steiner Balance of Terror Fred Steiner What Are Little Girls Made Of Fred Steiner The Conscience of the King Joseph Mullendore Shore Leave Gerald Fried The City on the Edge of Forever Fred Steiner Season 2 Catspaw Gerald Fried Metamorphosis George Duning Fridays Child Gerald Fried Who Mourns for Adonais Fred Steiner Amok Time Gerald Fried The Doomsday Machine Sol Kaplan Mirror Mirror Fred Steiner I Mudd Samuel Matlovsky The Trouble with Tribbles Jerry Fielding By Any Other Name Fred Steiner Patterns of Force George Duning The Omega Glory Fred Steiner Return to Tomorrow George Duning Season 3 Spectre of the Gun Jerry Fielding Elaan of Troyius Fred Steiner The Paradise Syndrome Gerald Fried The Enterprise Incident Alexander Courage And the Children Shall Lead George Duning Spocks Brain Fred Steiner Is There in Truth No Beauty George Duning The Empath George Duning Platos Stepchildren Alexander Courage Note Although The Way To Eden had no original score the episode had special musical material by Arthur Heinemann the episodes writer guest star Charles Napier and Craig Robertson Requiem for Methuselah contains a Johannes Brahms interpretation by Ivan Ditmars Main article List of awards and nominations received by Star Trek The Original Series Although this series never won any Emmys Star Trek was nominated for the following Emmy Awards Outstanding Dramatic Series Gene Roddenberry and Gene L Coon 1967 Outstanding Dramatic Series Gene Roddenberry 1968 Outstanding Supporting Actor Leonard Nimoy as Mr Spock 1967 1968 1969 Individual Achievement in Art Direction and Allied Crafts Jim Rugg 1967 Individual Achievement in Cinematography Darrell Anderson Linwood G Dunn and Joseph Westheimer 1967 Individual Achievement in Film and Sound Editing Douglas Grindstaff 1967 Outstanding Achievement in Film Editing Donald R Rode 1968 Special Classification of Individual Achievement for Photographic Effects The Westheimer Company 1968 Outstanding Achievement in Art Direction and Scenic Design John Dwyer and Walter M Jeffries 1969 Outstanding Achievement in Film Editing Donald R Rode 1969 Special Classification Achievements for Photographic Effects The Howard A Anderson Company The Westheimer Company Van der Veer Photo Effects Cinema Research 1969 Eight of its episodes were nominated for one of sciencefictions top awards the Hugo Award in the category Best Dramatic Presentation In 1967 the nominated episodes were The Naked Time The Corbomite Maneuver and The Menagerie In 1968 all nominees were Star Trek episodes Amok Time Mirror Mirror The Doomsday Machine The Trouble with Tribbles and The City on the Edge of Forever Star Trek won both years for the episodes The Menagerie and The City on the Edge of Forever respectively In 1968 Star Trek the T V show won a special Hugo Award for Dramatic Presentation No episode was named This was the shows 3rd Hugo Award In 1967 Star Trek was also one of the first television programs to receive an NAACP Image Award In 1968 Star Treks most critically acclaimed episode The City on the Edge of Forever written by Harlan Ellison won the prestigious Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Teleplay although this was for Ellisons original draft script and not for the screenplay of the episode as it aired In 1997 The City on the Edge of Forever was ranked 92 on TV Guides 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time 106 In 2004 and 2007 TV Guide ranked Star Trek as the greatest cult show ever 107108 In 2013 TV Guide ranked Star Trek 12 on their list of the 60 Greatest Shows of All Time 109 Distributionedit Home mediaedit Episodes of the Original Series were among the first television series to be released on the VHS and laserdisc formats in North America in the 1980s with all episodes eventually being released on both formats With the advent of DVD in the mid1990s single DVDs featuring two episodes each in production order were released In the early 2000s Paramount Home Video reissued the series to DVD in a series of three deluxe season boxes with added featurettes and documentaries In February 2009 Paramount announced that they would release the Original Series on Bluray Season one two and three were released on April 28 September 22 and December 15 respectively The Bluray releases let the user choose between Enhanced Effects or Original Effects via technique called multiangle 110 All 79 episodes of the series have been digitally remastered by CBS Home Entertainment distributed by Paramount and have since been released on DVD Blurayedit Paramount released season one of The Original Series on Bluray on April 28 2009 The Bluray release contains both Original and Remastered episodes by seamless branching DVD name Ep Discs Region 1A USA Region 2B UK Region 4B Australia DVD special features Season one 29 7 April 28 2009 April 27 2009 May 6 2009 Billy Blackburns Treasure Chest Rare Home Movies and Special Memories Kiss N Tell Romance in the 23rd Century Starfleet Access for Errand of Mercy Season two 26 7 September 22 2009 October 9 2009 October 1 2009 Billy Blackburns Treasure Chest Rare Home Movies and Special Memories Part 2 Starfleet Access for Amok Time Content To Go featurette via MobileBlu Writing Spock Content To Go featurette via MobileBlu Creating Chekov Content To Go featurette via MobileBlu Listening to the Actors More Tribbles More Troubles audio commentary by David Gerrold DS9 Trials and Tribbleations Trials And Tribbleations Uniting Two Legends Trials And Tribbleations An Historic Endeavor Star Trek The Original Series On Bluray Starfleet Access for The Trouble With Tribbles Content To Go featurette via MobileBlu Spocks Mother To Boldly Go Season Two Designing the Final Frontier Star Treks Favorite Moments Writers Notebook D C Fontana Life Beyond Trek Leonard Nimoy Kirk Spock & Bones Star Treks Great Trio Star Treks Divine Diva Nichelle Nichols Enhanced Visual Effects Credits Season three 24 6 December 15 2009 March 22 2010 May 1 2013 Life Beyond Trek Walter Koenig Chief Engineers Log Memoir From Mr Sulu Captains Log Bob Justman Where No Man Has Gone Before Unaired alternate version David Gerrold Hosts 2009 Convention Coverage The Anthropology of Star Trek ComicCon Panel 2009 The World of Rod Roddenberry – ComicCon 2009 Billy Blackburns Treasure Chest Rare Home Movies and Special Memories Part 3 To Boldly Go Season Three Collectible Trek Star Treks Impact Online distributionedit CBS Interactive is presenting all 3 seasons of the series via the tv com iPhone app The fulllength episodes without the new CGI but digitally processed to remove the original celluloid artifacts are available to users in the USA at no charge but with embedded ads Short clips from the shows are also viewable at their web site 111 The company has recently presented all 3 seasons of the series via their CBS All Access premium streaming service It has all fulllength episodes without the new CGI like the tv com app and is available to users in the USA with subscription without ads interruptions In January 2007 the first season of Star Trek The Original Series became available for download from Apples iTunes Store Although consumer reviews indicate that some of the episodes on iTunes are the newly remastered editions iTunes editors had not indicated such and if so which are which All firstseason episodes that had been remastered and aired were available from iTunes except Where No Man Has Gone Before which remains in its original form On March 20 2007 the first season was again added to the iTunes Store with separate downloads for the original and remastered versions of the show though according to the customer reviews the original version contains minor revisions such as special effect enhancements citation needed Netflix began online streaming of five of the six Star Trek television series on July 1 2011 Deep Space Nine followed on October 1 2011 112 Merchandisingedit This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed September 2016 Star Trek The Original Series has inspired many commercial products including toys comic books and many other materials The comics are generally considered noncanon Action figuresedit In the early 1970s the Mego Corporation acquired the license to produce Star Trek action figures which the company successfully marketed from 1974–1976 During this period the company produced a line of 8 figures featuring Captain Kirk Mr Spock Leonard McCoy Mr Scott Lt Uhura Aliens a Klingon a Neptunian the Keeper a Gorn a Cheron a Romulan a Talosian an Andorian and a Mugato and numerous playsets Mego also produced a lifesize toy tricorder In the mid2000s Paul Dr Mego Clarke and Joe Sena founded EMCE Toys pronounced MC to bring Mego toys back to the marketplace Mego went out of business in 1983 113 Working with Diamond Select Toys current holders of the Star Trek license these figures have been selling in comics shops New characters are currentlywhen being produced that Mego did not originally make such as Lt Sulu Ensign Chekov and Space Seed villain Khan Noonien Singh The Gorn that Mego produced had a brown Lizard head identical to the Marvel Comics villain on a brown body wearing a Klingon outfit Star Trek fans had frequently wished that Mego had made a TVaccurate Gorn EMCE Toys and DST produced a new green Gorn based on the TV episode Arena citation needed EMCE Toys hired original Mego packaging artist Harold Schull to illustrate new artwork for Sulu Chekov Khan and the Gorn citation needed EMCE Toys is continuing the Mego revival with the production of more Star Trek figures including Captain Pike and the Salt Vampire citation needed Comic booksedit Main article Star Trek comics The first Star Trek comics were published by Gold Key Comics between 1967 and 1978 These comics were highly stylized and diverged wildly from the TV series continuity Most storylines used in the Gold Key series featured original characters and concepts although later issues did include sequels to the original series episodes The City on the Edge of Forever Metamorphosis and I Mudd Writers included George Kashdan Arnold Drake and Len Wein Originally they were illustrated by Alberto Giolitti an Italian artist who had never seen the series and only had publicity photos to use as references Since Giolitti didnt have a publicity photo of James Doohan early issues of the series had Mr Scott drawn differently The original issues most of which featured photographic covers showing images from the series are highly collectable They are fondly remembered by fans and a series of reprints The Key Collection of these original titles began to appear in 2004 published by Checker The Gold Key series had a run of 61 issues Gold Key lost the Star Trek license to Marvel Comics in 1979 although Marvels license from Paramount prohibited them from utilizing concepts introduced in the original series 114 From 1969 to 1973 a series of weekly Star Trek comic strips ran in the British comics magazine eventually known as TV Century 21 A total of 258 issues were produced as well as various annuals and specials All were original stories Two more annuals under the Mighty TV Comic banner also produced original Star Trek materials In addition the weekly TV Comic reprinted serialized versions of the U S Gold Key comics 115 In 1977–1978 before home video was widely available Mandala Productions and Bantam Books published FotoNovels of TOS that included direct adaptations of actual color television episode frames with word balloons in comics format From February 1984 through February 1996 DC Comics held the license to publish comic books based upon the Star Trek franchise including Star Trek The Original Series The main DC Comics Star Trek title was published in two series comprising 136 issues 9 annuals and a number of special issues plus several miniseries that linked TOS and the subsequent series Star Trek The Next Generation TNG Marvel Comics again obtained the Star Trek license in 1996 Marvel under the MarvelParamount comics imprint published various oneshots and the quarterly Star Trek Unlimited series which covered TOS as well as TNG 116 They also introduced the new series Star Trek Early Voyages which dealt with Christopher Pikes adventures as captain of the Enterprise as depicted in the rejected TOS pilot The Cage Fan acceptance of these comics got off to a shaky start when Marvels inaugural publication of its new Star Trek line turned out to be a crossover between TOS and Marvels popular superhero team the XMen However the series turned out to be relatively popular registering strong sales Beginning in 2006 Tokyopop published two projects based upon the original series The new comic anthologies produced by Joshua Ortega were released annually in September 2006 Shinsei Shinsei and 2007 Kakan ni Shinkou Five artists and writer teams presented five new stories per volume based on the original series 117 Cultural influenceedit Main article Cultural influence of Star Trek Roddenberry was committed to a liberalism that believed in prosperity technological progress and universal humanity and at odds with the New Left which saw the evils of society as the consequence not merely of capitalism but of technology and reason itself 118 Parodiesedit The Original Series has been parodied many times in other television series Saturday Night Live produced two famous sketches parodying The Original Series The Last Voyage of the Starship Enterprise in 1976119 and William Shatners own Get a life sketch in 1986 which parodied the shows trekkie followers The Last Voyage of the Starship Enterprise is a twelveminute sketch written by Michael ODonoghue It was described by TrekMovie com as one of the best Star Trek parody sketches of all time 119TVSquad ranked Shatners Get a life sketch alongside The Last Voyage as one of the most famous parodies of the show 120 The Canadian comedy duo Wayne and Shuster parodied Star Trek as Star Schtick in the late 1970s An entire Finnish parody series Star Wreck was produced starting in 1992 culminating with Star Wreck In the Pirkinning in 2005 all available as legal downloads on the web 121 The series has also been parodied on The Simpsons120Family Guy and notably in the Futurama episode Where No Fan Has Gone Before which was described by Wired magazine as a touchstone for fans 122 The 1999 film Galaxy Quest portrays the lives of a oncepopular television spacedrama crew who are kidnapped by real aliens who have mistaken the fictional series for reality 123124 The main characters are parodies of Star Trek characters and many of the plot elements refer to or parody popular 1960s TVseries customs 125 John Scalzis novel Redshirts winner of the 2013 Hugo Award for Best Novel uses the theme of redshirted Star Fleet officers as cannon fodder Fan productionsedit See also Star Trek fan productions Star Trek has inspired many fans to produce stories for free Internet distribution Many of these are set in the time of The Original Series including Star Trek Phase II which was nominated for a Hugo Award and received support from actors and writers who were involved with The Original Series Criticismsedit Rod Serling said of Star Trek Star Trek was again a very inconsistent show which at times sparkled with true ingenuity and pure science fiction approaches At other times it was more carnivallike and very much more the creature of television than the creature of a legitimate literary form 126 Isaac Asimov and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry developed a unique relationship during Star Treks initial run in the late 1960s Asimov wrote a critical essay on Star Treks scientific accuracy for TV Guide magazine Roddenberry retorted respectfully with a personal letter explaining the limitations of accuracy when writing a weekly series Asimov corrected himself with a followup essay to TV Guide claiming despite its inaccuracies that Star Trek was a fresh and intellectually challenging science fiction television show The two remained friends to the point where Asimov even served as an adviser on a number of Star Trek projects 127 See alsoedit Star Trek portal 1960s portal List of Star Trek The Original Series episodes List of Star Trek The Original Series writers Cultural influences of Star Trek Beam me up Scotty Outline of Star Trek Timeline of Star Trek Referencesedit Star Trek imdb com Retrieved July 19 2010   Star Trek The Original Series CBS com httpwww cbs comshowsstartrek Star Trek 1966 Original Series YouTube TheSciFiSpot 9 December 2010 httpsm youtube comwatchv=Z7TSv4Bgzkk 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Making of Star Trek New York Ballantine Books ISBN 0345315545 OCLC 23859   Beck Donald R Director 1991 Star Trek 25th Anniversary Special   a b Star TrekHistory – Behind the Scenes startrekhistory com   a b Articles & Archives dartmouth org   Meryl Gottlieb July 8 2016 Lucille Ball is the reason we have Star Trek heres what happened Buiness Insider   a b c Desilu Memory Alpha   Herbert F Solow Memory Alpha   Roberta Pearson Máire Messenger Davies May 23 2014 Star Trek and American Television University of California Press pp  21– ISBN 9780520959200   Star Trek google com   a b c d e f g h i j Davies Máire Messenger Pearson Roberta Michael Lowell Henry August 1 2007 The Little Program That Could The Relationship Between NBC and Star Trek In Hilmes Michele Henry Michael Lowell NBC Americas Network University of California Press pp  212–222 ISBN 0520250796  CS1 maint Multiple names authors list link Spiegel Lee February 6 2012 Nichelle Nichols on Having First Major Black Female TV Role 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