PlayStation Store PlayStation Store ... Loading...
Notice: Undefined variable: videolist in /var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/plugins/Myyou.php on line 98
Get movie: The Swan Princess III The Mystery Of The Enchanted Treasure Special Edition
Swan Lake - Wikipedia History Origins of the Swan Lake story. Many critics have disputed the original source of the Swan Lake story. The libretto is based on a story by the German author ...
Swan Lake - Wikipedia This article is about the ballet The Swan Princess III The Mystery Of The Enchanted Treasure Special Edition For other uses see Swan Lake disambiguation Ballets by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Swan Lake 1876Sleeping Beauty 1889The Nutcracker 1892List of all compositions Swan Lake Russian Лебединое озероLebedinoye ozero Op 20 is a ballet composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1875–76 Despite its initial failure it is now one of the most popular of all ballets The scenario initially in two acts was fashioned from Russian folk talesa and tells the story of Odette a princess turned into a swan by an evil sorcerers curse The choreographer of the original production was Julius Reisinger Václav Reisinger The ballet was premiered by the Bolshoi Ballet on 4 March O S 20 February 187712 at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow Although it is presented in many different versions most ballet companies base their stagings both choreographically and musically on the 1895 revival of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov first staged for the Imperial Ballet on 15 January 1895 at the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg For this revival Tchaikovskys score was revised by the St Petersburg Imperial Theatres chief conductor and composer Riccardo Drigo Contents 1 History 1 1 Origins of the Swan Lake story 1 2 Composition history 1 2 1 Origins of the Swan Lake composition 1 2 2 Tchaikovskys influences 1 2 3 Composition process 1 3 Performance history 1 3 1 Original production of 1877 1 3 2 Tchaikovsky pas de deux 1877 1 3 3 Subsequent productions 1879–1894 1 3 4 Petipa–Ivanov–Drigo revival of 1895 1 3 5 Later productions 2 Instrumentation 3 Roles 3 1 Odette 3 2 Siegfried 3 3 Baron von Rothbart 3 4 Odile 4 Synopsis 4 1 Act 1 4 2 Act 2 4 3 Act 3 4 4 Act 4 4 5 1877 libretto synopsis17 4 6 Alternative endings 5 Structure 5 1 Act I 5 2 Act II 5 3 Act III 5 4 Act IV 6 Adaptations and references 6 1 Live action film 6 2 Acrobatic 6 3 Animated theatrical and directtovideo productions 6 4 Computervideo games 6 5 Dance 6 6 Literature 6 7 Music 6 8 Musicals 6 9 Television 6 10 Virtual world adaptations 7 Selected discography 8 Interesting facts 9 Notes 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links Historyedit Origins of the Swan Lake storyedit Many critics have disputed the original source of the Swan Lake story The libretto is based on a story by the German author Johann Karl August Musäus Der geraubte Schleier The Stolen Veil3 though this story provides only the general outline of the plot of Swan Lake The Russian folktale The White Duck also bears some resemblance to the story of the ballet and may have been another possible source The contemporaries of Tchaikovsky recalled the composer taking great interest in the life story of Bavarian King Ludwig II whose tragic life had supposedly been marked by the sign of Swan and whoeither consciously or notwas chosen as the prototype of the dreamer Prince Siegfried 4 The Russian ballet patriarch Fyodor Lopukhov has called Swan Lake a national ballet because of its swans which he argues originate from Russian lyrically romantic sources while many of the movements of the corps de ballet originated from Slavonic ringdances According to Lopukhov both the plot of Swan Lake the image of the Swan and the very idea of a faithful love are essentially Russian 4 Composition historyedit Design by F Gaanen for the décor of Act II of Swan Lake Moscow 1877 Origins of the Swan Lake compositionedit The origins of the ballet Swan Lake are rather obscured and since there are very few records concerning the first production of the work to have survived there can only be speculation about who the author of the original libretto was The most authoritative theory appears to be that it was written by Vladimir Petrovich Begichev director of the Moscow Imperial Theatres during the time that the ballet was originally produced and possibly Vasily Geltser Danseur of the Moscow Imperial Bolshoi Theatre However Geltser was in all probability merely the first person to copy the scenario for publication as a surviving copy bears his name Since the first published libretto of the ballet and the actual music composed by Tchaikovsky do not correspond in many places we may infer that the first actual published libretto was possibly crafted by a newspaper writer who had viewed the initial rehearsals as new productions of operas and ballets were always reported in the newspapers of Imperial Russia along with their respective scenarios According to two of Tchaikovskys relatives his nephew Yuri Lvovich Davydov and his niece Anna MeckDavydova the composer had earlier created a little ballet called The Lake of the Swans at their home in 1871 This ballet included the famous Leitmotif known as the Swans Theme or Song of the Swans Begichev commissioned the score of Swan Lake from Tchaikovsky in May 1875 for a rather modest fee of 800 rubles and soon Begichev began to choose artists that would participate in the creation of the ballet The choreographer assigned to the production was the Czech Julius Reisinger 1827–1892 who had been engaged as balletmaster to the Ballet of the Moscow Imperial Bolshoi Theatre today known as the Bolshoi Ballet since 1873 It is not known what sort of collaborative processes were involved between Tchaikovsky and Reisinger It seems that Tchaikovsky worked with only the most basic outline from Reisinger of the requirements for each dance 5 Tchaikovsky likely had some form of instruction in composing Swan Lake as he had to know what sort of dances would be required But unlike the instructions that Tchaikovsky received for the scores of The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker no such written instruction is known to have survived When Reisinger began choreographing after the score was completed he demanded some changes from Tchaikovsky Whether by demanding the addition or removal of a dance Reisinger made it clear that he was to be a very large part in the creation of this piece Although the two artists were required to collaborate each seemed to prefer working as independently of the other as possible 6 Tchaikovskys influencesedit From around the time of the turn of the 19th century until the beginning of the 1890s scores for ballets were almost always written by composers known as specialists who were highly skilled at scoring the light decorative melodious and rhythmically clear music that was at that time in vogue for ballet Tchaikovsky studied the music of specialists such as the Italian Cesare Pugni and the Austrian Ludwig Minkus before setting to work on Swan Lake Tchaikovsky had a rather negative opinion of the specialist ballet music until he studied it in detail being impressed by the nearly limitless variety of infectious melodies their scores contained Tchaikovsky most admired the ballet music of such composers as Léo Delibes Adolphe Adam and later Riccardo Drigo He would later write to his protégé the composer Sergei Taneyev I listened to the Delibes ballet Sylvia what charm what elegance what wealth of melody rhythm and harmony I was ashamed for if I had known of this music then I would not have written Swan Lake Tchaikovsky most admired Adams 1844 score for Giselle which used the Leitmotif technique associating certain themes with certain characters or moods a technique he would use in Swan Lake and later The Sleeping Beauty Tchaikovsky drew on previous compositions for his Swan Lake score He made use of material from The Voyevoda an opera that he had abandoned in 1868 The Grand adage a k a the Love Duet from the second scene of Swan Lake was fashioned from an aria from that opera as was the Valse des fiancées from the third scene Another number which included a theme from The Voyevoda was the Entracte of the fourth scene By April 1876 the score was complete and rehearsals began Soon Reisinger began setting certain numbers aside that he dubbed undanceable Reisinger even began choreographing dances to other composers music but Tchaikovsky protested and his pieces were reinstated Composition processedit Tchaikovskys excitement with Swan Lake is evident from the speed with which he composed commissioned in the spring of 1875 the piece was created within one full year His letters to Sergei Taneyev from August 1875 indicate however that it was not only his excitement that compelled him to create it so quickly but his wish to finish it as soon as possible so as to allow him to start on an opera Respectively he created scores of the first three numbers of the ballet then the orchestration in the fall and winter and was still struggling with the instrumentation in the spring By April 1876 the work was complete Tchaikovsky’s mention of a draft suggests the presence of some sort of abstract but no such draft has ever been seen Tchaikovsky wrote various letters to friends expressing his longstanding desire to work with this type of music and his excitement concerning his current stimulating albeit laborious task 7 Performance historyedit Adelaide Giuri as Odette and Mikhail Mordkin as Prince Siegfried in Aleksandr Gorskys staging of the PetipaIvanov Swan Lake for the Bolshoi Theatre Moscow 1901 A young Vera Karalli is seen kneeling Moscow première world première Date 4 March O S 20 February 1877 Place Bolshoi Theatre Moscow Balletmaster Julius Reisinger Conductor Stepan Ryabov Scene Designers Karl Valts Acts 2 & 4 Ivan Shangin Act 1 Karl Groppius Act 3 St Petersburg première Date 27 January 1895 Place Mariinsky Theatre St Petersburg Balletmaster Marius Petipa Acts 1 & 3 Lev Ivanov Acts 2 & 4 Conductor Riccardo Drigo Scene Designers Ivan Andreyev Mikhail Bocharov Henrich Levogt Costume Designer Yevgeni Ponomaryov8 Other notable productions 1880 and 1882 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre staged by Joseph Hansen after Reisinger conductor and designers as in première 1901 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre staged by Aleksandr Gorsky conducted by Andrey Arends scenes by Aleksandr Golovin Act 1 Konstantin Korovin Acts 2 & 4 N Klodt Act 3 1911 London Ballets Russes Sergei Diaghilev production choreography by Michel Fokine after PetipaIvanov scenes by Golovin and Korovin Original interpreters Rôle Moscow 1877 Moscow 1880 St Petersburg 18958 Moscow 1901 London 1911 Queen Olga Nikolayeva Giuseppina Cecchetti Siegfried Victor Gillert Alfred Bekefi Pavel Gerdt Mikhail Mordkin Vaslav Nijinsky Benno Sergey Nikitin Aleksandr Oblakov Wolfgang Wilhelm Wanner Gillert Odette Pelageya Karpakova Yevdokiya Kalmїkova Pierina Legnani Adelaide Giuri Mathilde Kschessinska Von Rothbart Sergey Sokolov Aleksey Bulgakov K Kubakin Odile Pierina Legnani Mathilde Kschessinska Original production of 1877edit The première of Swan Lake on Friday 4 March 1877 was given as a benefit performance for the ballerina Pelageya Karpakova also known as Polina Karpakova who performed the role of Odette with the Bolshoi Theatres Première danseur Victor Gillert as Prince Siegfried Karpakova likely also danced the part Odile although it is not known for certain Many interpreters of Odette have since doubled as Odile The Russian ballerina Anna Sobeshchanskaya for whom the original 1877 role of Odette was intended was pulled from the première performance when a governing official in Moscow complained about her stating that she had accepted several pieces of expensive jewelry from him only to then marry a fellow danseur and sell the pieces for cash Sobeshchanskaya was replaced by Pelageya Karpakova who danced the rôle of the Swan Queen until the former was reinstated by Petipa The première was not wellreceived with near unanimous criticism concerning the dancers orchestra and stage sets Tchaikovskys masterful score was lost in the debacle of the poor production and though there were a few critics who recognised its virtues most considered it to be far too complicated for ballet Most of the critics were not themselves familiar with ballet or music but rather with spoken melodrama Critics considered Tchaikovskys music too noisy too Wagnerian and too symphonic 9 The critics also found fault with Reisingers choreography which they thought was unimaginative and altogether unmemorable 9 The productions failure was due to several reasons The German origins of the story of Swan Lake were treated with suspicion while the tale itself was regarded as stupid with unpronounceable surnames for its characters 9 The dancer of Odette and probably Odile though this has never been proved for certain was a secondary soloist and not particularly convincing 9 The poverty of the production meaning the décor and costumes the absence of outstanding performers the Balletmasters weakness of imagination and finally the orchestra all of this together permitted Tchaikovsky with good reason to cast the blame for the failure on others Modest Tchaikovsky brother of the composer Yet the fact remains and is too often omitted in accounts of this initial production that this staging survived for six years with a total of 41 performances many more than several other ballets from the repertoire of this theatre 10 Though the original composition of Swan Lake was initially received negatively with audiences and critics claiming that the music was too complex to be a ballet piece currently the work is seen as one of Tchaikovsky’s most valuable and surged him into the realm of the most important ballet composers Tchaikovsky pas de deux 1877edit Anna Sobeshchanskaya as Odette in Julius Reisingers original production of Swan Lake Moscow 1877 In spite of the poor reaction to the première the ballet nevertheless continued to be performed On 26 April 1877 the prima ballerina of the Moscow Imperial Bolshoi Theatre Anna Sobeshchanskaya made her début as OdetteOdile in Swan Lake and from the start she was completely dissatisfied with the production of the ballet but most of all with Reisingers choreography and Tchaikovskys music Sobeshchanskaya travelled to St Petersburg to have Marius PetipaPremier Maître de Ballet of the St Petersburg Imperial Theatreschoreograph a new pas de deux to replace the pas de six that functioned as the third acts Grand Pas For a ballerina to request a supplemental pas or variation was standard practice in 19th century ballet and often these custommade dances quite literally became the legal property of the ballerina they were composed for Petipa choreographed Sobeshchanskayas pas de deux to music composed by Ludwig Minkus who held the post of Ballet composer to the St Petersburg Imperial Theatres The piece was a standard pas de deux classique that consisted of a short entrée the grand adage a variation for the dancer a variation for the ballerina and a coda Word of this change soon found its way to Tchaikovsky who became very angry stating that whether the ballet is good or bad he alone shall be held responsible for its music He then agreed to compose a new pas de deux for the ballerina but soon a problem arose Sobeshchanskaya had no reservations about performing a pas to Tchaikovskys new music but she wanted to retain Petipas choreography and she had no wish to travel to St Petersburg again to have the Ballet Master arrange a new pas for her In light of this Tchaikovsky agreed to compose a pas that would correspond to Minkus music to such a degree that the ballerina would not even be required to rehearse Sobeshchanskaya was so pleased with Tchaikovskys new version of the Minkus music that she requested he compose for her an additional variation which he did Until 1953 this pas de deux was thought to be lost until an accidentally discovered repétiteur was found in the archives of the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre among the orchestral parts used for Alexander Gorskys revival of Le Corsaire Gorsky had included the piece in his version of Le Corsaire staged in 1912 In 1960 George Balanchine choreographed a pas de deux to this music for the Ballerina Violette Verdy and the Danseur Conrad Ludlow performed on the City Center of Music and Drama in New York City under the title Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux11 as it is still known and performed today Subsequent productions 1879–1894edit Julius Reisinger left Moscow in 1879 and his successor as Balletmaster was Joseph Peter Hansen Hansen made considerable efforts throughout the late 1870searly 1880s to salvage Swan Lake and on 13 January 1880 he presented a new production of the ballet for his own benefit performance The part of OdetteOdile was danced by Evdokia Kalmykova a student of the Moscow Imperial Ballet School with Alfred Bekefi as Prince Siegfried This production was far more wellreceived than the original though it was by no means a great success Hansen presented another version of Swan Lake on 28 October 1882 again with Kalmykova as OdetteOdile For this production Hansen arranged a Grand Pas for the ballroom scene which he titled La Cosmopolitana This was taken from the European section of the Grand Pas daction known as The Allegory of the Continents from Marius Petipas 1875 ballet The Bandits to the music of Ludwig Minkus Hansens version of Swan Lake was given only four times the final performance being on 2 January 1883 and soon the ballet was dropped from the repertory altogether In all Swan Lake was given a total of fortyone performances between its première and the final performance of 1883 a rather lengthy run for a ballet that was so poorly received upon its premiere Hansen would go on to become Balletmaster to the Alhambra Theatre in London and on 1 December 1884 he presented a oneact ballet titled The Swans which was inspired by the second scene of Swan Lake The music was composed by the Alhambra Theatres chef dorchestre Georges Jacoby The second scene of Swan Lake was then presented on 21 February in Prague by the Ballet of the National Theatre in a version mounted by the Balletmaster August Berger The ballet was given during two concerts which were conducted by Tchaikovsky The composer noted in his diary that he experienced a moment of absolute happiness when the ballet was performed Bergers production followed the 1877 libretto though the names of Prince Siegfried and Benno were changed to Jaroslav and Zdeňek with the rôle of Benno danced by a female dancer en travestie The rôle of Prince Siegfried was danced by Berger himself with the ballerina Giulietta PaltrinieraBergrova as Odette Bergers production was only given eight performances and was even planned for production at the Fantasia Garden in Moscow in 1893 but it never materialised Petipa–Ivanov–Drigo revival of 1895edit Main article PetipaIvanovDrigo revival of Swan Lake Pierina Legnani as Odette 1895 During the late 1880s and early 1890s Petipa and Vsevolozhsky considered reviving Swan Lake and were in talks with Tchaikovsky about doing so However Tchaikovsky died on 6 November 1893 just when plans to revive Swan Lake were beginning to come to fruition It remains uncertain whether Tchaikovsky was even going to revise the music for the prospected revival of Swan Lake Whatever the case as a result of Tchaikovskys death Drigo was forced to revise the score himself but not before receiving approval from Tchaikovskys younger brother Modest There are major differences between Drigos and Tchaikovskys Swan Lake score Today it is Riccardo Drigos revision of Tchaikovskys score as done for Petipa and Ivanovs 1895 revival and not Tchaikovskys original score of 1877 that manythough by no means allballet companies use when performing Swan Lake Pavel Gerdt as Prince Siegfried Mariinsky Theatre 1895 In February 1894 two memorial concerts planned by Vsevolozhsky were given in honor of Tchaikovsky The production included the second Act of Swan Lake choreographed by Lev Ivanov Second Balletmaster to the Imperial Ballet Ivanovs choreography for the memorial concert was unanimously hailed as wonderful The Ballerina who danced Odette and Odile was the Italian virtuosa Pierina Legnani and it was because of her great talent that the prospected revival of Swan Lake was planned for her benefit performance in the 1894–1895 season She had made her début with the Imperial Ballet in Cinderella produced in December 1893 choreographed by Marius Petipa Lev Ivanov and Enrico Cecchetti to the music of Baron Boris FitinhofSchell Her performance demonstrated her phenomenal technique climaxing in her variation from the final tableau no fewer than thirtytwo fouettés en tournant the most ever performed at that time during the grand pas The dazzled public roared with demands for an encore and the Ballerina repeated her variation this time performing twentyeight fouettés en tournant However the death of Tsar Alexander III on 1 November 1894 and the period of official mourning that followed it brought all ballet performances and rehearsals to a close for some time and as a result all efforts were able to be concentrated on the preproduction of the revival of Swan Lake Ivanov and Petipa chose to collaborate on the production with Ivanov retaining his dances for the second Act while choreographing the fourth and with Petipa staging the first and third Acts Modest Tchaikovsky was called upon to make the required changes to the ballets libretto including the character of Odette changing from a fairy swanmaiden into a cursed mortal woman the ballets villain changing from Odettes stepmother to the magician von Rothbart and his revision of the ballets finale instead of the lovers simply drowning at the hand of Odettes stepmother as in the original 1877 scenario Odette commits suicide by drowning herself with Prince Siegfried choosing to die as well rather than live without her and soon the lovers spirits are reunited in an apotheosis 12 Aside from the revision of the libretto the ballet was changed from four acts to threewith Act II becoming Act IScene 2 All was ready by the beginning of 1895 and the ballet had its première on Friday 27 January Pierina Legnani danced OdetteOdile with Pavel Gerdt as Prince Siegfried Alexei Bulgakov as Rothbart and Alexander Oblakov as Benno The première of the PetipaIvanovDrigo revival was quite a success though not as much of one as it has been in modern times Most of the reviews in the St Petersburg newspapers were positive Unlike the première of The Sleeping Beauty Swan Lake did not dominate the repertory of the Mariinsky Theatre in its first season It was given only sixteen performances between the première and the 1895–1896 season and was not performed at all in 1897 Even more surprising the ballet was performed only four times in 1898 and 1899 The ballet belonged solely to Legnani until she left St Petersburg for her native Italy in 1901 After her departure the ballet was taken over by Mathilde Kschessinskaya who was as much celebrated in the rôle as was her Italian predecessor Later productionsedit A 2008 production at the Royal Swedish Opera Throughout the long and complex performance history of Swan Lake the 1895 edition of Petipa Ivanov and Drigo has served as the version from which many stagings have been based Nearly every balletmaster or choreographer who has restaged Swan Lake has sought to make modifications to the ballets scenario while still maintaining to a considerable extent the traditional choreography for the dances which is regarded as virtually sacrosanct Likewise over time the rôle of Siegfried has become far more prominent due largely to the evolution of ballet technique In 1940 San Francisco Ballet became the first American company to stage a complete production of Swan Lake The enormously successful production starred Lew Christensen as Prince Siegfried Jacqueline Martin as Odette and Janet Reed as Odile Willam Christensen based his choreography on the PetipaIvanov production turning to San Francisco’s large population of Russian émigrés headed by Princess and Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia to help him ensure that the production succeeded in its goal of preserving Russian culture in San Francisco 13 Several notable productions have diverged from the original and its 1895 revival Illusions Like Swan Lake 1976 John Neumeier Hamburg Ballet Neumeier interpolated the story of Ludwig II of Bavaria into the Swan Lake plot via Ludwigs fascination with swans Much of the original score was used with additional Tchaikovsky material and the choreography combined the familiar PetipaIvanov material with new dances and scenes by Neumeier The ballet finishes with Ludwig’s death by drowning while confined to an asylum set to the dramatic music for the Act Three conclusion With the theme of the unhappy royal being forced into heterosexual marriage for reasons of state and also the cross reference to the personal lives of actual royalty this work anticipated both Bourne’s and Murphy’s interpretation Illusions Like Swan Lake remains in the repertoire of major German ballet companies Matthew Bournes Swan Lake departed from the traditional ballet by replacing the female corps de ballet with male dancers Since its inception in 1995 Matthew Bournes production has never been off the stage for more than a few months citation needed It has toured the United Kingdom and returned to London several times It has been performed on extended tours in Greece Israel Turkey Australia Italy Japan Korea Russia France Germany the Netherlands the United States and Ireland in addition to the United Kingdom Bournes Swan Lake has won over 30 international awards to date 14 The 2000 American Ballet Theatre version taped for television in 2005 rather than having the curtain down as the slow introduction is played used this music to accompany a new prologue in which the audience is shown how Rothbart first transforms Odette into a swan This prologue is similar to Vladimir Burmeisters production of Swan Lake firstly staged in Stanislavsky Theatre in Moscow 1953 but has some differences Rothbart in this production is played by two dancers one appears as a handsome young man who is easily able to lure Odette in the new prologue and the other dancer is covered in sinister monster makeup which reveals the magicians true self in the film Black Swan Natalie Portman as Nina dreams this in the films opening sequence About halfanhour of the complete score is omitted from this production Graeme Murphys Swan Lake was first performed in 2002 and was loosely based on the breakdown of the marriage of Lady Diana to Prince Charles and his relationship with Camilla Parker Bowles It combined the rôles of Rothbart and Odile into that of a Baroness and the focus of the story is a love triangle 15 In 2010 Black Swan a film starring Natalie Portman and Mila Kunis contained sequences from Swan Lake Instrumentationedit Swan Lake is scored for the typical late 19thcentury large orchestra Strings violins I and II violas violoncellos double basses Woodwinds piccolo 2 flutes 2 oboes 2 clarinets in B♭ A and C 2 bassoons Brass 4 French horns in F 2 cornets in A and B♭ 2 trumpets in F D and E 3 trombones 2 tenor 1 bass tuba Percussion timpani snare drum cymbals bass drum triangle tambourine castanets tamtam glockenspiel chimes Other harp This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2010 Princess Odette Princess of the Swans and the White Swan or also the Swan Princess a beautiful Princess who has been transformed into a white swan Prince Siegfried a handsome Prince who falls in love with Odette Von Rothbart an evil sorcerer who has enchanted Odette Odile the Black Swan Rothbarts daughter Benno von Sommerstern the Princes friend The Queen Prince Siegfrieds mother Wolfgang his tutor Baron von Stein The Baroness his wife Freiherr von Schwarzfels His wife A herald A footman Court gentlemen and ladies friends of the prince heralds guests pages villagers servants swans cygnets By 1895 Benno von Sommerstern had become just Benno and Odette Queen of the Swans Also Baron von Stein his wife and Freiherr von Schwarzfels and his wife were no longer identified on the program The sovereign or ruling Princess is often rendered Queen Mother Rothbart Redbeard may also be spelled Rotbart Odetteedit Princess Odette the White Swan is the lead ballerina role Rothbarts daughter Odile is danced by the same ballerina this facilitates the scene in which Odile disguised as Odette tricks Prince Siegfried into being unfaithful Odette also appears in many adaptations of the ballet Odette is often referred to as a tragic heroine and is always portrayed as vulnerable gentle caring modest and warmhearted She appears in the second and fourth acts though she also makes a minor appearance in the third act when she appears as a vision during the Ball As the heroine of the story she has been transformed into a swan by Rothbart and can only regain her human form at night She has many companions under the same spell who have made her their queen hence her title The Swan Queen She is forced to live by a lake that was magically formed from the tears of her grieving mother after Rothbart kidnapped her The only way for the spell to be broken is by the power of eternal love between Odette and a young man who will remain faithful to her for if the vow of eternal love is broken she will remain a swan forever When Odette falls in love with Prince Siegfried hope for her freedom has come at last until Siegfried is tricked into breaking his vow by Rothbart trapping Odette as a swan forever To escape the spell Odette chooses to die and Siegfried chooses to die with her the lovers drown themselves in the lake and are reunited forever in death Siegfriededit Prince Siegfried is the lead male ballet dancer role Like Odette and Rothbart he appears in many adaptations of the ballet although he has a different name in almost every one despite retaining some or all of his characteristics Out of all the characters in the ballet Siegfried is the only one to appear in all four acts He is a young Prince full of bright spirit and enthusiasm and seems to have little interest in his royal role He clearly cares more for socialising merry events and sporting activities as shown when he is celebrating his 21st birthday with his best friend Benno and his tutor Wolfgang When his mother the Queen tells him he must soon marry he refuses because he has not yet found a woman of his preference His favourite hobby is hunting so to end his birthday celebrations he and Benno head into the forest on a hunting expedition with their companions However everything takes an ironic twist on this expedition for deep in the forest Siegfried and his friends arrive at a lake where Siegfried spots a beautiful swan wearing a crown But before he can shoot it the swan transforms into the most beautiful woman he has ever seen Princess Odette the Queen of the Swans Struck by her beauty Siegfried falls in love with her at once She tells him her story explaining that she is under a spell of the evil sorcerer Rothbart It is at this point in the ballet that Siegfrieds carefree spirit is overcome by a sudden growth to manhood out of his love for Odette and from that point it becomes his goal to save and marry her He invites her to attend a Ball at his castle and promises to choose her as his bride but everything takes a turn for the worse On the night of the Ball Siegfried is thinking of nothing but Odette and after rejecting various potential brides in her favour he is overjoyed when she finally arrives But it is actually Rothbarts daughter Odile in disguise for Rothbart has magically disguised her as Odette Suspecting nothing Siegfried falls for the trickery and pledges eternal love to Odile thinking she is Odette and now all seems lost Siegfried follows Odette back to the lake and begs her to forgive him swearing that he loves her only She forgives him but explains that she has chosen to die so she can escape Rothbarts spell Unwilling to live without her Siegfried chooses to die with Odette and the lovers throw themselves into the lake reuniting in death for all eternity Baron von Rothbartedit Rothbart is a powerful and evil sorcerer who casts a spell on Odette that turns her into a swan every day and returns her to human form at night The reason for Rothbarts curse upon Odette is unknown several versions including two feature films have suggested reasons but none is typically explained by the ballet Rothbart is rarely seen in human form as he appears as a giant owl in the second and fourth acts His human form is seen only in the third act with his daughter Odile when she dances with the Prince Siegfried When Rothbart realises that Odette has fallen in love with Prince Siegfried he tries to intervene by tricking Siegfried into declaring his love for his daughter Odile The plan succeeds yet in the end Rothbart is not triumphant When Siegfried and Odette make the ultimate sacrifice in the name of their love by throwing themselves into the lake Rothbarts powers are overcome and he is destroyed However his fate is different in some versions as there are productions where Rothbart is triumphant and survives One example is the Bolshoi Ballets version where he is portrayed as a sadistic schemer and plays a wicked game of fate with Siegfried which he wins at the end causing Siegfried to lose everything In the second American Ballet Theatre production of Swan Lake he is portrayed by two dancers One of them depicts him as young and handsome it is this Rothbart that is able to lure Odette and transform her into a swan this is shown during the introduction to the ballet in a danced prologue especially created by choreographer Kevin McKenzie He is also able to entice the Prince to dance with Odile and thus seal Odettes doom The other Rothbart a repulsive reptilianlike creature reveals himself only after he has performed an evil deed such as transforming Odette into a swan In this version the lovers joint suicide inspires the rest of Rothbarts imprisoned swans to turn on him and overcome his spell which ultimately defeats him Odileedit Odile the Black Swan is the daughter of Rothbart who is also an evil witch and who is willing to follow in her fathers footsteps She only appears in the third act usually dressed in black though in the 1895 production she did not wear black and magically disguised as Odette in order to help her father trick Siegfried into breaking his vow of love to Odette In some productions Odile is known as the Black Swan and rather than being magically disguised as her is actually Odettes evil twin or double an example of this type of portrayal is seen in the production by the Bolshoi Ballet There are also some productions where Odette and Odile are danced by two different ballerinas Synopsisedit Below is a synopsis based on the 1895 libretto 16Swan Lake is generally presented in either four Acts four Scenes primarily outside Russia and Eastern Europe or three Acts four Scenes primarily in Russia and Eastern Europe Some productions in the West include a prologue that shows the actual transformation by which Princess Odette is first turned into a swan The biggest difference of productions all over the world is that the ending varies from romantic to tragic Act 1edit A magnificent park before a palace Scène Allegro giusto Prince Siegfried is celebrating his birthday with his tutor friends and peasants Waltz The revelries are interrupted by Siegfried’s mother the Queen Scène Allegro moderato who is concerned about her son’s carefree lifestyle She tells him that he must choose a bride at the royal ball the following evening Siegfried is upset that he cannot marry for love His friend Benno and the tutor try to lift his troubled mood As evening falls Sujet Benno sees a flock of swans flying overhead and suggests they go on a hunt Finale I Siegfried and his friends take their crossbows and set off in pursuit of the swans Act 2edit A lakeside clearing in a forest by the ruins of a chapel A moonlit night The Valse des cygnes from Act II of the IvanovPetipa edition of Swan Lake Siegfried has become separated from his friends He arrives at the lakeside clearing just as a flock of swans land nearby Scène Moderato He aims his crossbow at the swans Scène Allegro moderato but freezes when one of them transforms into a beautiful maiden Odette Scène Moderato At first she is terrified of Siegfried When he promises not to harm her she tells him that she is the Swan Queen Odette She and her companions are victims of a terrible spell cast by the evil owllike sorcerer Rothbart By day they are turned into swans and only at night by the side of the enchanted lake – created from the tears of Odettes mother – do they return to human form The spell can only be broken if one who has never loved before swears to love Odette forever Rothbart suddenly appears Scène Allegro vivo Siegfried threatens to kill him but Odette intercedes – if Rothbart dies before the spell is broken it can never be undone As Rothbart disappears the swan maidens fill the clearing Scène Allegro Moderato assai quasi andante Siegfried breaks his crossbow and sets about winning Odette’s trust as the two fall in love But as dawn arrives the evil spell draws Odette and her companions back to the lake and they are turned into swans again Act 3edit An opulent hall in the palace Guests arrive at the palace for a costume ball Six princesses are presented to the prince Entrance of the Guests and Waltz one of whom his mother hopes he will choose as his bride Then Rothbart arrives in disguise Scène Allegro Allegro giusto with his enchantress daughter Odile who has also transformed to appear as Odette in all respects Though the princesses try to attract the prince with their dances Pas de six Siegfried mistaking Odile for Odette has eyes only for her and dances with Odile Scène Allegro Tempo di valse Allegro vivo Odette appears as a vision and vainly tries to warn Siegfried that he is being deceived But Siegfried remains oblivious and proclaims to the court that he intends to make Odile his wife Rothbart shows Siegfried a magical vision of Odette and he realises his mistake Griefstricken Siegfried hurries back to the lake Act 4edit By the lakeside Scene from Act 4 of Swan Lake Vienna State Opera 2004 Odette is distraught at Siegfried’s betrayal The swanmaidens try to comfort her but she is resigned to death Siegfried returns to the lake and finds Odette He makes a passionate apology She forgives him and the pair reaffirm their love Rothbart appears and insists that Siegfried fulfill his pledge to marry Odile after which Odette will be transformed into a swan forever Siegfried chooses to die alongside Odette and they leap into the lake This breaks Rothbarts spell over the swan maidens causing him to lose his power over them and he dies In an apotheosis the swan maidens watch as Siegfried and Odette ascend into the Heavens together forever united in love 1877 libretto synopsis17edit Act 1 Prince Siegfried his friends and a group of peasants are celebrating the Princes coming of age Siegfrieds mother arrives to inform him that she wishes for him to marry soon so that she may make sure that he does not disgrace their family line by his marriage She has organised a ball where Siegfried is to choose his bride from among the daughters of the nobility After the celebration Siegfried and his friend Benno spot a flock of flying swans and decide to hunt them Act 2 Siegfried and Benno track the swans to a lake but they vanish A woman wearing a crown appears and confronts the two men She tells them that her name is Odette and she was one of the swans they were hunting She tells them her story Odette’s mother a good fairy had married a knight but she died and the knight remarried Odette’s stepmother was a witch who wanted to kill her but her grandfather saved her Odettes grandfather had cried so much over the death of Odette’s mother that he created the lake with his tears Odette and her companions live in the lake with Odette’s grandfather and can transform themselves into swans whenever they wish The Swan Princess III The Mystery Of The Enchanted Treasure Special Edition Odette’s stepmother still wants to kill her and stalks her in the form of an owl but Odette has a crown which protects her from harm When Odette gets married the witch will lose the power to harm her Siegfried falls in love with Odette but Odette fears that the witch will ruin their happiness Act 3 Several young noblewomen dance at Siegfried’s ball but the Prince refuses to marry any of them Baron von Rothbart and his daughter Odile arrive Siegfried thinks that Odile looks like Odette but Benno doesn’t agree Siegfried dances with Odile grows more and more enamoured with her and eventually agrees to marry her At that moment Rothbart transforms into a demon Odile laughs and a white swan wearing a crown appears in the window The Prince runs out of the castle Act 4 In tears Odette tells her friends that Siegfried did not keep his vow of love Seeing that Siegfried is coming Odette’s friends leave and urge her to go with them but Odette wants to see Siegfried one last time A storm begins Siegfried enters and begs Odette for forgiveness Odette refuses and attempts to leave Siegfried snatches the crown from her head and throws it in the lake saying Willing or unwilling you will always remain with me The owl flies overhead carrying away the crown What have you done I am dying Odette says and falls into Siegfried’s arms The lake rises from the storm and drowns Odette and Siegfried The storm quiets and a group of swans appears on the lake Alternative endingsedit Many different endings exist ranging from romantic to tragic In 1950 Konstantin Sergeyev staged a new Swan Lake for the Mariinsky Ballet then the Kirov after Petipa and Ivanov but included some bits of Vaganova and Gorsky Under the Soviet regime the tragic ending was replaced with a happy one so that in the Mariinsky and Bolshoi versions Odette and Siegfried lived happily ever after In the version danced today by the Mariinsky Ballet the ending is one of a happily ever after in which Siegfried fights Rothbart and tears off his wing killing him Odette is restored to human form and she and Siegfried are happily united This version has often been used by Russian and Chinese ballet companies A similar ending was used in The Swan Princess In the 1986 version Rudolf Nureyev choreographed for the Paris Opera Ballet Rothbart fights with Siegfried who is overcome and dies leaving Rothbart to take Odette triumphantly up to the heavens In a version which has an ending very close to the 1895 Mariinsky revival danced by American Ballet Theatre in 2005 Siegfrieds mistaken pledge of fidelity to Odile consigns Odette to remain a swan forever After realizing that her last moment of humanity is at hand Odette commits suicide by throwing herself into the lake The Prince does so as well This act of sacrifice and love breaks Rothbarts power and he is destroyed In the final tableau the lovers are seen rising together to heaven in apotheosis In a version danced by New York City Ballet in 2006 with choreography by Peter Martins after Lev Ivanov Marius Petipa and George Balanchine the Princes declaration that he wishes to marry Odile constitutes a betrayal that condemns Odette to remain a swan forever Odette is called away into swan form and Siegfried is left alone in grief as the curtain falls In the 2006 version by Stanton Welch for Houston Ballet also based upon Petipa and Ivanov the last scene has Prince Siegfried attempting to kill Rothbart with his crossbow missing and hitting Odette instead Odette falls Rothbarts spell now broken and regains human form The Prince embraces her as she dies then carries her lifeless body into the lake where he also drowns himself 181920 In a version danced by San Francisco Ballet in 2009 Siegfried and Odette throw themselves into the lake as in the 1895 Mariinsky revival and Rothbart is destroyed Two swans implied to be the lovers are then seen flying past the Moon In a version danced by National Ballet of Canada in 2010 Odette forgives Siegfried for his betrayal and the promise of reconciliation shines momentarily before Rothbart summons forth a violent storm Rothbart and Siegfried struggle When the storm subsides Odette is left alone to mourn the dead Siegfried In the 2012 version performed at Blackpool Grand Theatre21 by the Russian State Ballet of Siberia the Prince drags Rothbart into the lake and both drown Odette is left as a swan In the 2015 English National Ballet version My First Swan Lake22 specifically recreated for young children the power of Siegfried and Odettes love enables the other swans to rise up and defeat Rothbart who falls to his death This breaks the curse and Siegfried and Odette live happily ever after Structureedit The score used in this résumé is Tchaikovskys score as he originally composed it including later additions of the original 1877 production 23 The score as listed here is different from the score as revised by Riccardo Drigo for the revival of Petipa and Ivanov that is still used to one extent or another by most ballet companies today The titles for each number are taken from the original published score Some of the numbers are titled simply as musical indications those that are not are translated from their original French titles Act Iedit Introduction Moderato assai Allegro non troppo Tempo I No 01 Scène Allegro giusto No 02 Waltz Tempo di valse No 03 Scène Allegro moderato No 04 Pas de trois 1 Intrada or Entrée Allegro 2 Andante sostenuto 3 Allegro semplice Presto 4 Moderato 5 Allegro 6 Coda Allegro vivace No 05 Pas de deux for Two Merrymakers this number was later fashioned into the Black Swan Pas de Deux 1 Tempo di valse ma non troppo vivo quasi moderato 2 Andante – Allegro 3 Tempo di valse 4 Coda Allegro molto vivace No 06 Pas daction Andantino quasi moderato – Allegro No 07 Sujet Introduction to the Dance with Goblets No 08 Dance with Goblets Tempo di polacca No 09 Finale Sujet Andante Act IIedit No 10 Scène Moderato No 11 Scène Allegro moderato Moderato Allegro vivo No 12 Scène Allegro Moderato assai quasi andante No 13 Dances of the Swans 1 Tempo di valse 2 Moderato assai 3 Tempo di valse 4 Allegro moderato this number later became the famous Dance of the Little Swans 5 Pas daction Andante Andante non troppo Allegro material borrowed from Undina 6 Tempo di valse 7 Coda Allegro vivo No 14 Scène Moderato Act IIIedit No 15 Scène March – Allegro giusto No 16 Ballabile Dance of the Corps de Ballet and the Dwarves Moderato assai Allegro vivo No 17 Entrance of the Guests and Waltz Allegro Tempo di valse No 18 Scène Allegro Allegro giusto No 19 Pas de six 1 Intrada or Entrée Moderato assai 2 Variation 1 Allegro 3 Variation 2 Andante con moto this number was likely used as an adage after the Intrada but was either accidentally composed andor published after the first variation 4 Variation 3 Moderato 5 Variation 4 Allegro 6 Variation 5 Moderato Allegro semplice 7 Grand Coda Allegro molto Appendix I Pas de deux pour Mme Anna Sobeshchanskaya fashioned from the original music by Ludwig Minkus and later choreographed by George Balanchine as the Tchaikovsky Pas de deux No 20 Hungarian Dance Czardas – Moderato assai Allegro moderato Vivace Appendix II No 20a Danse russe pour Mlle Pelageya Karpakova Moderato Andante semplice Allegro vivo Presto No 21 Danse Espagnole Allegro non troppo Tempo di bolero No 22 Danse Napolitaine Allegro moderato Andantino quasi moderato Presto No 23 Mazurka Tempo di mazurka No 24 Scène Allegro Tempo di valse Allegro vivo Act IVedit No 25 Entracte Moderato No 26 Scène Allegro non troppo No 27 Dance of the Little Swans Moderato No 28 Scène Allegro agitato Molto meno mosso Allegro vivace No 29 Scène finale Andante Allegro Alla breve Moderato e maestoso Moderato Adaptations and referencesedit Live action filmedit The opening credits for the first sound version of Dracula 1931 starring Béla Lugosi includes a modified version of the Swan Theme from Act II The same piece was later used for the credits of The Mummy 1932 and is often used as a backing track for the silent film Phantom of the Opera 1925 The film I Was an Adventuress 1940 contained a long sequence from the ballet In 1968–69 the Kirov Ballet along with Lenfilm studios produced a filmed version of the ballet starring Yelena Yevteyeva as Odette In the film Funny Girl 1968 Barbra Streisand playing Fanny Brice dances in a comedic spoof of Swan Lake The ballet is central to the plot of Étoile 1989 In Brain Donors 1992 the three main characters try and succeed in sabotaging a fictional production of the ballet Darren Aronofskys Black Swan 2010 focuses on two characters from Swan Lakethe Princess Odette sometimes called the White Swan and her evil duplicate the witch Odile the Black Swan and takes its inspiration from the ballets story although it does not literally follow it Clint Mansells score contains music from the ballet with more elaborate restructuring to fit the horror tone of the film Acrobaticedit The Chinese State Circus has made an acrobatic version of the ballet24 which iswhen on tour around the world Set to excerpts from Tchaikovskys suite it contains such acrobatic moves as Odette doing a pirouette on top of Siegfrieds head without any supports Animated theatrical and directtovideo productionsedit Swan Lake 1981 is a featurelength anime produced by the Japanese company Toei Animation and directed by Koro Yabuki The adaptation uses Tchaikovskys score and remains relatively faithful to the story Two separate English dubs were made one featuring regular voice actors and one using celebrities as the main principals Christopher Atkins as Siegfried Pam Dawber as Odette Kay Lenz as Odile and David Hemmings as Rothbart The second dub aired on American Movie Classics in December 1990 and The Disney Channel in June 1994 25 It is presently distributed in United States by The Samuel Goldwyn Company Also in France and the United Kingdom by Rouge Citron Production 26 Swan Lake 1994 is a 28minute traditional twodimensional animation narrated by Dudley Moore It is one of five animations in the Storytellers Classics series Like the 1981 version it also uses Tchaikovskys music throughout and is quite faithful to the original story What sets it apart is the climactic scene in which the prince swims across the lagoon towards Rothbarts castle to rescue Odette who is being held prisoner there Rothbart points his finger at the prince and zaps him to turn him into a duck but then the narrator declares Sometimes even magic can go very very wrong After a moment the duck turns into an eagle and flies into Rothbarts castle where the prince resumes his human form and engages Rothbart in battle This animation was produced by Madman Movies for Castle Communications The director was Chris Randall the producer was Bob Burrows the production coordinator was Lesley Evans and the executive producers were Terry Shand and Geoff Kempin The music was performed by the Moscow State Orchestra It was shown on TVOntario in December 1997 and was distributed on home video in North America by Castle Vision International Orion Home Video and J L Bowerbank & Associates The Swan Princess 1994 is a Nest Entertainment film based on the Swan Lake story It stays fairly close to the original story but does contain many differences For example instead of the Swan Maidens we have the addition of sidekicks Puffin the puffin Speed the turtle and JeanBob the frog Several of the characters are renamed – Prince Derek instead of Siegfried his friend Bromley instead of Benno and his tutor Rogers instead of Wolfgang Dereks mother is named Queen Uberta Another difference is Odette and Derek knowing each other from when they were children which introduces us to Odettes father King William and explains how and why Odette is kidnapped by Rothbart The character Odile is replaced by an old hag unnamed in this movie but known as Bridget in the sequels as Rothbarts sidekick until the end Also this version contains a happy ending allowing both Odette and Derek to survive as humans once Rothbart is defeated It has six sequels The Swan Princess and the Secret of the Castle 1997 The Swan Princess The Mystery of the Enchanted Treasure 1998 The Swan Princess Christmas 2012 The Swan Princess A Royal Family Tale 2014 The Swan Princess Princess Tomorrow Pirate Today 2016 and the upcoming The Swan Princess Royally Undercover 2017 which deviate even further from the ballet None of the films contain Tchaikovskys music Barbie of Swan Lake 2003 is a directtovideo childrens movie featuring Tchaikovskys music and motion capture from the New York City Ballet and based on the Swan Lake story The story deviates more from the original than The Swan Princess although it does consist of similarities to the plot In this version Odette is not a princess by birth but a bakers daughter and instead of being kidnapped by Rothbart and taken to the lake against her will she discovers the Enchanted Forest when she willingly follows a unicorn there She is also made into a more dominant heroine in this version as she is declared as being the one who is destined to save the forest from Rothbarts clutches when she frees a magic crystal Another difference is the addition of new characters such as Rothbarts cousin the Fairy Queen Lila the unicorn Erasmus the troll and the Fairy Queens fairies and elves who have also been turned into animals by Rothbart These fairies and elves replace the Swan Maidens from the ballet Also it is the Fairy Queens magic that allows Odette to return to her human form at night not Rothbarts spell which until the Fairy Queen counters appears to be permanent Other changes include renaming the Prince Daniel and a happy ending instead of the ballets tragic ending Computervideo gamesedit The 1988 SquareSoft video game Final Fantasy II used a minor portion of Swan Lake just before fighting the Lamia Boss In the PlayStation Portable version the portion is longer The 1990 LucasArts adventure game Loom used a major portion of the Swan Lake suite for its audio track as well as incorporating a major swan theme into the storyline It otherwise bore no resemblance to the original ballet The 2008 Nintendo DS game Imagine Ballet Star contains a shortened version of Swan Lake The main character who is directly controlled by the player of the game dances to three shortened musical pieces from Swan Lake Two of the pieces are solos and the third piece is a pas de duex The 2009 SEGA video game Mario and Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games includes Swan Lake in its figure skating competition The 2016 Blizzard Entertainment game Overwatch contains two unlockable costumes for the character Widowmaker based on Odette and Odile Danceedit The Silent Violinist a professional mime busker act that references the swan princess concept The Swedish dancerchoreographer Fredrik Rydman has produced a modern dancestreet dance interpretation of the ballet entitled Swan Lake Reloaded It depicts the swans as heroin addict prostitutes who are kept in place by Rothbart their pimp The productions music uses themes and melodies from Tchaikovskys score and incorporates them into hiphop and techno tunes 27 Literatureedit Amiri & Odette 2009 is a verse retelling by Walter Dean Myers with illustrations by Javaka Steptoe 28 Myers sets the story in the Swan Lake Projects of a large city Amiri is a basketballplaying “Prince of the Night” a champion of the asphalt courts in the park Odette belongs to Big Red a dealer a power on the streets The Black Swan 1999 is a fantasy novel written by Mercedes Lackey that reimagines the original story and focuses heavily on Odile Rothbarts daughter is a sorceress in her own right who comes to sympathise with Odette The Sorcerers Daughter 2003 is a fantasy novel by Irina Izmailova a retelling of the ballets plot The boyish and careless Siegfried consciously prefers the gentle equally childlike Odile while the stern and proud Odette is from the very beginning attracted to Rothbart who later turns out to be the kingdoms rightful monarch in hiding Swan Lake 1989 is a childrens novel written by Mark Helprin and illustrated by Chris Van Allsburg which recreates the original story as a tale about political strife in an unnamed Eastern European country In it Odette becomes a princess hidden from birth by the puppetmaster and eventually usurper behind the throne with the story being retold to her child Musicedit Japanese instrumental rock group Takeshi Terauchi & Bunnys recorded this on their 1967 album Lets Go Unmei German singer Jeanette Biedermann uses the Swan Lake melody structure for her 2001 single release How Its Got To Be Los Angeles group Sweetbox uses the main theme for the chorus of their song Superstar from the 2001 album Classified Canadian metal band The Agonist has made an a cappella version of Act IIs Scène Moderato which is included in their second studio album Lullabies for the Dormant Mind Musicalsedit Odette – The Dark Side of Swan Lake a musical written by Alexander S Bermange and Murray Woodfield was staged at the Bridewell Theatre London in October 2007 In Radio City Christmas Spectacular The Rockettes do a short homage to Swan Lake during the performance of the Twelve Days of Christmas Rock and Dance Version with the line Seven Swans ASwimming Billy Elliot the Musical incorporates the most famous section of Swan Lake in a dance number in which the main character dances while shadowed by his future adult self The musical Anastasia includes a scene in which several of the main characters attend a performance of Swan Lake in Paris near the shows climax The four characters sing about their inner conflicts and desires as Tchaikovskys score blends into the musicals melodies the dancers onstage representing both the ballets characters and the thoughts of each singer in turn Televisionedit Princess Tutu 2002 is an anime television series whose heroine Duck wears a costume reminiscent of Odettes She is a duck transformed by a writer into a girl rather than the other way around while her antagonist Rue dressed as Odile is a girl who had been raised to believe she is a raven Other characters include Mytho in the role of Siegfried who is even referred to by this name towards the end of the second act and Drosselmeyer playing in the role of Rothbart The score of Swan Lake along with that of The Nutcracker is used throughout as is occasionally the Petipa choreography most notably in episode 13 where Duck dances the climactic Pas de Deux alone complete with failed lifts and catches In the second season of the anime Kaleido Star a circus adaptation of Swan Lake becomes one of the Kaleido Stages most important and successful shows Main character Sora Naegino plays Princess Odette with characters Leon Oswald as Prince Siegfried and May Wong as Odile In episode 213 of The Muppet Show Rudolf Nureyev performs Swine Lake with a giant ballerina pig Swan Lake was heard in two episodes of the Playhouse Disney series Little Einsteins Quincy and the Magic Instruments and The Blue Footed Boobey Bird Ballot In the Tiny Toon Adventures episode Loon Lake Babs Bunny helps out Shirley the Loon after she was ridiculed by a group of snobbish swans in ballet class while preparing for a performance of Swan Lake In the Dexters Laboratory episode Deedeemensional Dexter in order to deliver an important message to his future self was forced to dance Swan Lake with Dee Dee and her future self In the animated childrens show The Wonder Pets Linny Tuck and MingMing help encourage a baby swan to dance in his own way The music of Swan Lake is used Dancers from Little Princess Ballet Academy LPBA in Second Life have lined up waiting to go on stage for Swan Lake in May 2014 A close arrangement of the waltz from Act I appears in episodes 16 and 23 of My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic Sonic Rainboom and The Cutie Mark Chronicles An episode of Saturday Night Live contains a Bad Ballet entitled Swan which according to Leonard PinceGarnell Dan Aykroyd should not be confused with Swan Lake ABCs Once Upon a Time has a main character named Emma Swan which is a play on the Swan Princess character and is the daughter of Prince Charming and Snow White In Season 5 the character becomes the newest Dark One and gets the nickname the Dark Swan also making her an adaptation of Odile the Black Swan During August Putsch of 1991 in Russia a recording of Swan Lake was broadcast via all the radio and TV channels Virtual world adaptationsedit In 2014 the Little Princess Ballet Academy LPBA performed the entire Swan Lake in Second Life The adaption follows the original but some parts like the pas de deux were not possible to perform in Second Life and has been changed All parts are played by individual avatars 29 Selected discographyedit Audio 1954 Antal Doráti conductor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra first complete recording late 1953 mastered originally in mono only some mockstereo issues released on LP 1959 Ernest Ansermet conductor Orchestre de la Suisse Romande taped in stereo Oct–Nov 1958 abridged 1974 Anatole Fistoulari conductor Radio Filharmonisch Orkest with Ruggiero Ricci violin 1976 André Previn conductor London Symphony Orchestra with Ida Haendel violin 1979 Seiji Ozawa conductor Boston Symphony Orchestra with Joseph Silverstein violin 1982 John Lanchbery conductor Philharmonia Orchestra 1988 Yevgeny Svetlanov conductor Russian State Symphony Orchestra 1990 Michael Tilson Thomas conductor London Symphony Orchestra 1992 Charles Dutoit conductor Montreal Symphony Orchestra 2006 Valery Gergiev conductor Orchestra of the Mariinsky Theatre 2013 Neeme Jarvi conductor Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra with James Ehnes violin a multichannel SACD recording Video 1957 Yuri Fayer conductor Bolshoi Ballet Nikolai Fadeyechev Siegfried Maya Plisetskaya Odette Odile 1966 John Lanchbery conductor Vienna State Opera Ballet Rudolf Nureyev Siegfried Margot Fonteyn Odette Odile 1968 Viktor Fedotov conductor Kirov Ballet John Markovsky Siegfried Yelena Yevteyeva Odette Odile 1976 Algis Zhuraitis conductor Bolshoi Ballet Alexander Bogatirev Siegfried Maya Plisetskaya Odette Odile 1980 Ashley Lawrence conductor The Royal Ballet Anthony Dowell Siegfried Natalia Makarova Odette Odile 1984 Algis Zhuraitis conductor Bolshoi Ballet Alexander Bogatirev Siegfried Natalia Bessmertnova Odette Odile 1986 Viktor Fedotov conductor Kirov Ballet Konstantin Zaklinsky Siegfried Galina Mezentseva Odette Odile 1988 Graham Bond conductor English National Ballet Peter Schaufuss Siegfried Evelyn Hart Odette Odile 1989 Algis Zhuraitis conductor Bolshoi Ballet Yuri Vasyuchenko Siegfried Alla Mikhalchenko Odette Odile 1990 Viktor Fedotov conductor Kirov Ballet Igor Zelensky Siegfried Yuliya Makhalina Odette Odile30 1992 Alexander Sotnikov conductor Perm Theatre Ballet Alexei Fadeyechev Siegfried Nina Ananiashvili Odette Odile 1992 Jonathan Darlington conductor Paris Opera Ballet Patrick Dupond Siegfried MarieClaude Pietragalla Odette Odile 1996 Michel Quéval conductor Royal Swedish Ballet Anders Nordström Siegfried Nathalie Nordquist Odette Odile 1998 Daniel Barenboim conductor Berlin State Ballet Oliver Matz Siegfried Steffi Scherzer Odette Odile 2004 James Tuggle conductor La Scala Theatre Ballet Roberto Bolle Siegfried Svetlana Zakharova Odette Odile31 2005 Ormsby Wilkins conductor American Ballet Theatre Angel Corella Siegfried Gillian Murphy Odette Odile 2006 Vello Pähn conductor Paris Opera Ballet Jose Martinez Siegfried Agnes Letestu Odette Odile 2007 Valery Gergiev conductor Mariinsky Ballet Danila Korsuntsev Siegfried Ulyana Lopatkina Odette Odile 2009 Valeriy Ovsyanikov conductor The Royal Ballet Thiago Soares Siegfried Marianela Núñez Odette Odile 2009 Vladimir Fedoseyev conductor Zurich Ballet Stanislav Jermakov Siegfried Polina Semionova Odette Odile 2014 Alexander Ingram conductor Vienna State Ballet Vladimir Shishov Siegfried Olga Esina Odette Odile Interesting factsedit In 1968 a new breed of rose with white petals was named Schwanensee in honour of the ballet In late Soviet Union this ballet was usually shown on TV instead of planned entertainment programs as a part of mourning arrangements in the cases of General Secretary death In 1991 Swan Lake became one of the symbols of the August Putsch for the people of PostSoviet states because during this event all USSR TV channels broadcast the ballet repeatedly for three days in a row Such as The White Duck collected by Alexander Afanasyev in Narodnye russkie skazki Referencesedit Kant Marion ed 2007 The Cambridge Companion to Ballet Cambridge Companions to Music Cambridge and New York Cambridge University Press p 164 ISBN 9780521539869 Old style date March 4 Chaĭkovskiĭ Modest Ilʹich Newmarch Jeaffreson Rosa Harriet 1906 The life & letters of Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky J Lane p 735 Germany SPIEGEL ONLINE Hamburg von Text im Projekt Gutenberg gutenberg spiegel de a b Leimanis Aivars 2002 Synopsis Press release Latvian National Opera Archived from the original on 20040821 Retrieved 20131105 Wiley 1991 p 40 Wiley 1991 p 41 Wiley 1991 pp 3941 a b Swan Lake American Ballet Theatre Retrieved 3 December 2010 a b c d Rosen Gary 1998 Swan Lake An Historical Appreciation Swan Lake programme Cape Town Cape Town City Ballet Wiley 1991 p 61 Repertory Index New York City Ballet Nycballet com Retrieved 20100203 Wiley 1991 p 248 Steinberg Cobbett 1983 San Francisco Ballet The First Fifty Years San Francisco Chronicle Books ISBN 0961119403 Matthew Bournes Swan Lake Retrieved 14 September 2013 interview David McAllister and Graeme Murphy Ballet co magazine July 2005 Wiley 1991 p 337 Wiley 1991 p 321 Swan Lake Houston Ballet Retrieved 20160612 Swan Lake Synopsis Houston Ballet Retrieved 20160612 Houston Ballet Caps the Season with Romantic Classic Swan Lake Retrieved 20160612 Swan Lake – Blackpool Grand Theatre Blackpoolgrand co uk 20070111 Retrieved 20120115 My First Swan Lake English National Ballet Retrieved 20150511 Royal Opera House – Swan Lake From Planning To Performance – The Story of Swan Lake Rohedswanlake org uk Retrieved 20120115 Archived copy Archived from the original on 20110711 Retrieved 20110710 D Annie 6 September 2009 Anime Swan Lake Cbl orcein net Retrieved 3 February 2010 オオクワガタを販売するお店に行く 自分のオオクワガタは販売業者から買ったものです www groupercp com Swan Lake Reloaded in German Retrieved 11 August 2013 Javaka Steptoe Illustration & Fine Arts www javaka com YouTube www youtube com Warner Classics TV 7 March 2012 Tchaikovsky Swan Lake The Kirov Ballet – via YouTube Complete ballet youtube retrieved 20120426 Bibliographyedit G Abraham ed Tchaikovsky a Symposium London 1945R R 1970 as The Music of Tchaikovsky London W W Norton 1974 C W Beaumont The Ballet called Swan Lake London 1952 Brown David Tchaikovsky The Man and His Music London Faber & Faber 2006 108–119 Brown David Tchaikovskys Mazeppa The Musical Times 125 1702 1984 696–698 Norris George Stanford the Cambridge Jubilee and Tchaikovsky London 1980 Nuzzo Nancy B Swan Lake a chronology The sleeping beauty a chronology other Tchaikovsky ballets Dance magazine 55 June 1981 57–58 Pudelek Janina Swan Lake in Warsaw 1900 Dance Chronicle 13 1990–1991 359–36 Robinson Harlow Review Untitled The Slavic and East European Journal 31 1987 639–640 Wiley Roland John Tchaikovsky’s Ballets Swan Lake Sleeping Beauty Nutcracker Oxford 1985 21991 External linksedit Tchaikovsky Swan Lake The Kirov Ballet The complete ballet on YouTube Background Swan Lake From Planning to Performance at the Royal Opera House about the Royal Ballets production of Swan Lake Rudolf Nureyevs choreography of Swan Lake Tchaikovsky Research German Schwanensee Video recordings of the ballet Swan Lake 2005 Murphy and Corella ABT Lebedinoe ozero Swan Lake on IMDb 1957 Schwanensee on IMDb 1967 Matthew Bournes Swan Lake on IMDb 1996 The Ballet Soloist aka Russian Ballerina – 1947 Soviet musical film with scenes from Tchaikovskys Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty With subtitles in Esperanto Scores Swan Lake Scores at the International Music Score Library Project IMSLP Free sheet music of Danse Napolitaine from Cantorion org
Most Popular Movies
Get Movie & Poster!
Warning: file_put_contents(/var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/templates/public/anyfilm.top/data/sitemap.txt): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /var/www/bis/data/www/anyfilm.top/plugins/Globals.php on line 39