Dick Tracy - Wikipedia Dick Tracy is an American comic strip featuring Dick Tracy (originally Plainclothes Tracy), a tough and intelligent police detective created by Chester Gould.
The movie Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome also known as Dick Tracy meets Karloff and Dick Tracys Amazing Adventure is a 1947 thriller film starring Ralph
Get movie: Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome
Dick Tracy - Wikipedia Dick Tracy is an American comic strip featuring Dick Tracy (originally Plainclothes Tracy), a tough and intelligent police detective created by Chester Gould.
Dick Tracy - Wikipedia This article is about the comic strip Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome For other uses see Dick Tracy disambiguation This articles lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article Please discuss this issue on the articles talk page December 2014 Dick Tracy is an American comic strip featuring Dick Tracy originally Plainclothes Tracy1 a tough and intelligent police detective created by Chester Gould The strip made its debut on October 4 1931 in the Detroit Mirror 2 It was distributed by the Chicago Tribune New York News Syndicate Gould wrote and drew the strip until 1977 2 Since that time various artists and writers have continued the strip which still runs in newspapers today Dick Tracy has also been the hero in a number of films notably one in which Warren Beatty played the crime fighter in 1990 Contents 1 Comic strip 1 1 Characters and story 1 2 Evolution of the strip 1 3 The 1950s 1 4 Space period 1 5 1970s 1 6 Plenty family 1 7 Crimestoppers Textbook 1 8 Later years 2 Awards and honors 3 In other media 3 1 Radio 3 2 Recordings 3 3 Comic books 3 4 Books 3 5 Film 3 5 1 Film serials 3 5 2 Early feature films 3 5 3 1990 film 3 5 4 Filmography 3 6 Television 3 6 1 First liveaction series 3 6 2 Animated cartoons 3 6 3 Liveaction television pilot 3 7 Licensed products 3 8 Rights to adapt in other media 4 In popular culture 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Comic stripedit Characters and storyedit The neutrality of this section is disputed Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met May 2013 Tracy uses forensic science advanced gadgetry and wits in an early example of the police procedural mystery storyalthough stories often end in gunfights just the same Stories typically follow a criminal committing a crime and Tracys relentless pursuit of said criminal The strips most popular villain was Flattop Jones a freelance hitman hired by black marketeers to murder Tracy When Flattop was killed fans went into public mourning and the Flattop story was reprinted in DCs series of Oversize Comic Reprints in the 1970scitation needed The villains small crimes led to bigger out of control situations reflecting film noir Similarly innocent witnesses were frequently killed and Tracys paramour Tess Trueheart was often endangered by the villains As the story progressed Tracy adopted an orphan under the name Dick Tracy Jr or Junior for short who appeared in investigations until becoming a police forensic artist in his fathers precinct He also cultivated a professional partner exsteel worker Pat Patton who gradually became a detective of skill and courage enough to satisfy Tracys requirements This section possibly contains original research Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations Statements consisting only of original research should be removed November 2014 Tracy characters were often caricatures of celebrities There was Breathless Mahoney modeled after Veronica Lake Likewise B O Plenty was inspired by George Gabby Hayes with perhaps a nod to Al St John also Vitamin Flintheart by John Barrymore and Spike Dyke by Spike Jones Others include villains like Rughead Robert Montgomery Oodles Jackie Gleason and Mumbles Bing Crosby Gould even parodied himself as the outofshape Pear Shape citation needed Evolution of the stripedit On January 13 19465 the 2Way Wrist Radio became one of the strips most immediately recognizable icons worn as a wristwatch by Tracy and members of the police force and may have inspired later smartwatches citation needed The 2Way Wrist Radio was upgraded to a 2Way Wrist TV in 1964 This development also led to the introduction of an important supporting character Diet Smith an eccentric industrialist who financed the development of this equipment In a conspicuous coincidence the idea of a radio built into a wrist watch played an important role in the story line of Superman – The Talking Cat broadcast on the Mutual Broadcasting System on January 9 through 28 1946 episodes 878 through 891 In late 1948 a botched security detail led to the death of the semiregular character Brilliant the blind inventor of the 2Way Wrist Radio among other devices whereupon Chief Brandon Dick Tracys superior on the police force and a presence in the strip since 1931 resigned in shame and Pat Patton was promoted to police chief in Brandons place previously having been Tracys buffoonish partner A new character was introduced named Sam Catchem to take Pattons place as Tracys sidekick The 1950sedit In 1949 Spike Jones was caricatured in the Dick Tracy dailies as Spike Dyke Gould introduced topical story lines about television juvenile delinquency graft organized crime and other developments in American life during the 1950s and elements of soap opera depicted Dick Tess and Junior along with the Tracys baby daughter Bonnie Braids at home as a family Depictions of family life alternated with the storys crime drama as in the kidnapping of Bonnie Braids by fugitive Crewy Lou or Juniors girlfriend Model being accidentally killed by her brother Gould incurred some controversy when he had Tracy live in an unaccountably ostentatious manner on a police officers salary and responded with a story wherein Tracy was accused of corruption and had to explain the origin of his possessions in detail In his booklength examination of the strip Dick Tracy – The Official Biography Jay Maeder suggested that Goulds critics were unsatisfied by his explanation Nevertheless the controversy eventually faded and the cartoonist reduced exposure to Tracys home life Chester Goulds Dick Tracy vs The Mole October 12 1941 Tracys cases generally incriminated independent operators rather than organized crimewith a few exceptions such as Big Boy a fictionalized version of Al Capone and the strips first villain Tracy opposed a series of bigtime mobsters in the 1950s such as the King George Mr Crime Alpha Odds Zonn and Willie The Fifth Millyun after events like the Kefauver Hearings As Tess faded into the background Tracy assumed as assistant the rookie policewoman Lizz Worthington From 1956 to 1964 the Dick Tracy Sunday page was accompanied by a topper humor strip called The Gravies and drawn by Gould and his assistants Space periodedit As technology progressed the methods that Tracy and the police used to track and capture criminals took the form of increasingly fanciful atomicpowered gadgets developed by Diet Smith Industries This eventually led to the 1960s advent of the Space Coupe a spacecraft with a magnetic propulsion system This marked the beginning of the strips Space Period which saw Tracy and friends having adventures on the Moon and meeting Moon Maid the daughter of the leader of a race of humanoid people living in Moon Valley in 1964 After an eventual sharing of technological information Moon technology became standard issue on Tracys police force including air cars flying cylindrical vehicles The villains became even more exaggerated in power resulting in an escalating series of stories that no longer resembled the urban crime drama roots of the strip During this period Tracy met famed cartoonist Chet Jade creator of the comic strip Sawdust in which the only characters are talking dots One of the new characters Mr Intro was only manifested as a disembodied voice His goal was world domination in the vein of a James Bond villain Tracy eventually used an atomic laser beam to annihilate Intro and his island base Junior married Moon Maid in October 1964 Their daughter Honey Moon Tracy had antennae and magnetic hands In the spring of 1969 Tracy was offered the post of Chief of Police in Moon Valley However he ended up back on Earth when the Apollo 11 mission in 1969 showed that the moon was barren of all life Many of the accoutrements of the space period stories remained for many years afterward such as the Space Coupe and much of the hightech gadgetry Moon Maid receded from the storyline The stories of this period took an increasingly condemnatory tone pertaining to contemporary court decisions concerning the rights of the accused which often involved Tracy being frustrated by legal technicalities For example having caught a gang of diamond thieves redhanded Tracy was forced to let them walk because he could not prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the diamonds were stolen As he saw the thieves get off without penalty Tracy was heard to grumble Yes under todays interpretation of the laws it seems its the police who are handcuffed 1970sedit Color guide for Dick Tracy March 8 1970 In the 1970s Gould modernized Tracy by giving him a longer hair style and mustache and added a hippie sidekick Groovy Grove Groovys first appearance in print as it happened occurred during the same week as the Kent State shootings Groovy remained with the strip off and on until his death in 1984 Shortly before his retirement Gould drew a strip in which Sam Lizz and Groovy held Tracy down to shave off his mustache At this time the standard publication size and space of newspaper comics was sharply reduced for example the Dick Tracy Sunday strip which had traditionally been a fullpage episode containing 12 panels was cut in size to a halfpage format that offered at most eight panelsthese new restrictions created challenges for all comic artists Plenty familyedit The Plenty family was a group of goofy redneck yokels headed by the former villain Bob Oscar B O along with Gertrude Gravel Gertie Plenty Gravel Gertie was introduced as the unwitting dupe accessory of the villain the Brow who was on the run from Dick Tracy The family provided a humorous counterpoint to Tracys adventures The Plenty substory was decades long and saw Sparkle Plenty grow from an infant to a young married lady eventually becoming a beautiful fashion model Sparkle Plentys May 30 1947 birth became a significant mainstream media event with spinoff merchandising and magazine coverage 6 The Plenty family appeared with Tracy in a story that occurred in a bank where B O found a way to prevent thieves from snatching an envelope of money from a counter In the April 24 2011 strip B O and Gertie had a second child Attitude7 a boy who is as ugly as Sparkle is beautiful His face has yet to be shown Crimestoppers Textbookedit Beginning in the early 1950s the Sunday strip included a frame devoted to a page from the Crimestoppers Textbook a series of handy illustrated hints for the amateur crimefighter This was named after a shortlived youth group seen in the strip during the late 1940s led by Junior Tracy called Dick Tracys Crimestoppers This feature ended when Gould retired from the strip in 1977 but Max Allan Collins reinstated it and it is still part of the comic strip After Goulds retirement Collins initially replaced the Textbook with Dick Tracys Rogues Gallery a salute to memorable Tracy villains of the past Later yearsedit Chester Gould retired from comics in 1977 his last Dick Tracy strip appeared in print on Sunday December 25 of that year The following Monday Dick Tracy was taken over by Max Allan Collins and longtime Gould assistant Rick Fletcher Goulds name remained in the byline for a few years after his retirement as a story consultant In one of Collins first stories as the strips writer the gangster known as Big Boy learned that he was dying and had less than a year to live Big Boy was still seeking revenge on the plainclothesman who sent him up the river and he wanted to live just long enough to see Tracys death He put out an open contract on Tracys head worth one million dollars knowing that every smalltime hood in the City would take a crack at the famous cop for that amount of money One of the wouldbe collectors rigged Tracys car to explode but inadvertently killed Moon Maid instead of Tracy in the explosion A funeral strip for Moon Maid explicitly stated that this officially severed all ties between Earth and the Moon in the strip8 thus eliminating the last remnants of the Space Period Honey Moon received a new hairstyle that covered her antennae and she was ultimately phased out of the strip Junior later married Sparkle Plenty the daughter of B O and Gravel Gertie Plenty and had a daughter named Sparkle Plenty Jr In the 1990s Tracys son Joseph Flintheart Tracy took on a role similar to Juniors in the earlier strips In addition Collins removed other Gould creations of the 1960s and 1970s including Groovy Grove who was gravely wounded in the line of duty and later died in the hospital Lizz married him before his death On a more philosophical level Collins took a generally less cynical view of the justice system than Gould Tracy came to accept its limitations and requirements as a normal part of the process which he could manage Extreme technology was phased out such as the Space Coupe in favor of more realistic advanced tools such as the 2Way Wrist Computer in 1987 New semiregular characters introduced by Collins and Fletcher included Dr Will Carver a plastic surgeon with underworld ties who often worked on known felons Wendy Wichel a smarmy newspaper reportereditorialist with a strong antiTracy bias in her articles and Lee Ebony an AfricanAmerican female detective Vitamin Flintheart reappeared occasionally as a comicrelief figure the aged ham actor created by Gould in 1944 who had not been seen in the strip for almost three decades The Plenty family B O Gravel Gertie and Sparkle were also brought back as semiregulars Junior and Sparkle were married following the death of Moon Maid and soon gave birth to their own daughter Sparkle Plenty Jr Original villains seen during this period included Angeltop the revengeseeking psychopathic daughter of the slain Flattop Torcher whose scheme was arsonforprofit and Splitscreen a video pirate Collins brought back at least one classic Gould villain or revengeseeking family member per year The revived Gould villains were often provided with full names and marriages children and other family connections were developed bringing more humanity to many of the originally grotesque brutes Flattop particularly had a number of relatives all with his characteristic head structure and facial attributes who turned up one by one to avenge their ancestor on Tracy Rick Fletcher died in 1983 and was succeeded by editorial cartoonist Dick Locher who had assisted Gould on the strip in the late 1950s and early 1960s Locher was assisted by his son John who died in 1986 Max Allan Collins was fired from the strip in 1992 following a financial reorganization of their comic strip holdings and Tribune staff writer and columnist Mike Kilian took over the writing Kilian was paid less than half of what Collins was making per stripcitation needed but continued until his death on October 27 2005 Locher was both author and artist for over three years beginning on January 9 2006 On March 16 2009 Jim Brozman began collaborating with Locher taking over the drawing duties while Locher continued to write the strip 9 In 2005 Tracy was a guest at Blondie and Dagwoods 75th anniversary party in the comic strip Blondie Later Dick Tracy appeared in the comic strip Gasoline Alley On January 19 2011 Tribune Media Services announced that Locher was retiring from the strip and handing the reins to artist Joe Staton and writer Mike Curtis 1011 The new creative team has previously worked together on ScoobyDoo Richie Rich and Casper the Friendly Ghost 12 Their first Dick Tracy strip was published March 14 2011 Staton and Curtis are assisted by Shelley Pleger who inks and letters Statons drawings along with Shane Fisher who provides the coloring on the Sunday strips and Chicagoarea policeman Jim Doherty who provides Crimestopper captions for the Sunday strips and acts as the features technical advisor Doherty also introduced a new feature Tracys Hall of Fame which replaces the Crimestopper panel approximately once each month in which a reallife police officer is profiled and honored They reintroduced many of the characters of the forties through the sixties including a second Mr Crime and a reformed Mole while introducing more deformed and grotesque villains such as Abner Kadaver Panda and The Jumbler They have also brought back all the gadgets and plot elements of the 1960s space era starting in early 2013 They have also done crossovers with cameos from Popeye and Brenda Starr and a long sequence involving Little Orphan Annie Awards and honorsedit Chester Gould won the Reuben Award for the strip in 1959 and 1977 The Mystery Writers of America honored Gould and his work with a Special Edgar Award in 1980 This was the first time MWA ever honored a comic strip In 1995 the strip was one of 20 included in the Comic Strip Classics series of commemorative postage stamps and postcards 13 On May 2 2011 the Tennessee Senate passed Resolution 30 congratulating Mike Curtis and Joe Staton on their professional accomplishments including Dick Tracy On September 7 2013 at the Baltimore Comics Convention Dick Tracy was awarded the Harvey in the Best Syndicated Strip or Panel category Tracy was simultaneously the oldest continually running strip and the first adventure strip ever to win the Harvey Award in this category 14 On September 6 2014 Tracy was awarded a second Harvey Award in the newspaper strip category becoming one of only three strips to win in this category in consecutive years On September 26 2015 Tracy won a third Harvey in the same category becoming one of only three strips to win in three consecutive years On November 6 2016 at their panel at Akron Comicon Mike Curtis and Joe Staton were each presented with an Akron Comicon Excellence Award The inscription on the plaques reads 2016 AKRON COMICON EXCELLENCE AWARD PRESENTED TO MIKE CURTIS AND JOE STATON FOR THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO ONE OF THE LONGEST RUNNING NEWSPAPER STRIPS IN THE HISTORY OF NEWSPAPER COMICS In other mediaedit Radioedit Main article Dick Tracy radio series Dick Tracy had a long run on radio from 1934 weekdays on NBCs New England stations to the ABC network in 1948 Bob Burlen was the first radio Tracy in 1934 and others heard in the role during the 1930s and 1940s were Barry Thomson Ned Wever and Matt Crowley The early shows all had 15minute episodes On CBS with Sterling Products as sponsor the serial aired four times a week from February 4 1935 to July 11 1935 moving to Mutual from September 30 1935 to March 24 1937 with Bill McClintock doing the sound effects NBCs weekday afternoon run from January 3 1938 to April 28 1939 had sound effects by Keene Crockett and was sponsored by Quaker Oats which brought Dick Tracy into primetime Saturdays at 7 pm and briefly Mondays at 8 pm with 30minute episodes from April 29 1939 to September 30 1939 The series returned to 15minute episodes on the ABC Blue Network from March 15 1943 to July 16 1948 sponsored by Tootsie Roll which used the music theme of Toot Toot Tootsie for its 30minute Saturday ABC series from October 6 1945 to June 1 1946 Sound effects on ABC were supplied by Walt McDonough and Al Finelli On February 15 1945 Command Performance broadcast the musical comedy Dick Tracy in BFlat with Bing Crosby as Tracy Bob Hope as Flattop Dinah Shore as Tess Trueheart among the cast Dick Tracys wedding is repeatedly interrupted as Tracy chases after one villain after another In the strip his marriage wasnt until 1950 and his honeymoon was disrupted by his going after Wormy Recordingsedit Jim Ameche portrayed Tracy in a tworecord set recorded by Mercury Records in 1947 The record sleeves were illustrated with Sunday strips reprinted in blackandwhite for children to color 15 Comic booksedit Chester Goulds cover for 1947 Quaker Puffed Wheat giveaway comic book reprinting early 1940s Dick Tracy strips Tracy made his first comic book appearance in 1936 as one of the features included in the first issue of Dells Popular Comics These were reprints from the newspaper strip reconfigured to fit the pages of a comic book as was the case with most Tracy comic book appearances Tracy remained a regular feature in Popular Comics through the publications 21st issue The first comic book to feature Tracy exclusively was the Dick Tracy Feature Book published in May 1937 by David McKay Publications McKays Feature Books were magazines that rotated several popular characters from comics strips through 1938 Three more of McKays Feature Books starred Tracy in the following months In 1939 Dell started a comic magazine series called Black and White Comics essentially identical to McKays Feature Books Six of the 15 issues featured Tracy In 1941 Dells Black and White series was replaced by the Large Feature Books the third issue of which featured Tracy As with the McKay series the Dell Black and White and Large Feature series were abridged reprints of the strip In 1938 Tracy became one of several regular newspaper strips featured in Dells regular monthly Super Comics remaining a regular part of that publication until 1948 In 1939 Tracy was the sole feature in the very first issue of Dells FourColor Comics which put out more than 1300 issues starring hundreds of characters between 1939 and 1962 Tracy was featured in seven more FourColor issues throughout the 1940s Tracy was frequently featured in comic books used as promotional items by various companies In 1947 for example Sig Feuchtwanger produced a comic book that was a giveaway prize in boxes of Quaker Puffed Wheat cereal sponsor of the popular Dick Tracy radio series In January 1948 Dell began the first regular Dick Tracy comic book series Dick Tracy Monthly This series ultimately ran for 145 issues the first 24 of which were published by Dell after which it was picked up by Harvey Comics Continuing the same numbering Harvey published the series until 1961 As with most previous Tracy comic book incarnations these were with the exception of the last few Dell issues which featured original material slightly abridged and reconfigured reprints of the newspaper strips Dick Tracy was revived in 1986 by Blackthorne Publishing and ran for 99 issues Disney produced a series of three issues as a tiein for their 1990 film This miniseries True Hearts and Tommy Guns was drawn by Kyle Baker and edited by Len Wein The third issue was a direct adaptation of the film Booksedit Over the years many reprints of Dick Tracy newspaper strips have been published Beginning in 2007 IDW Publishing started reprinting the complete strip in hardcover volumes now being done under their Library of American Comics imprint Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome Other collections include16 The Exploits of Dick Tracy Detective The Case of the Brow Rosdon hardcover 1946 The Celebrated Cases of Dick Tracy 1931–1951 Chelsea House hardcover 1970 Dick Tracy The ThirtiesTommy Guns and Hard Times Chelsea House hardcover 1978 Dick Tracy His Greatest Cases No 1Pruneface Gold Medal paperback 1975 Dick Tracy His Greatest Cases No 2Snowflake and Shaky plus The Black Pearl Gold Medal paperback 1975 Dick Tracy His Greatest Cases No 3Mrs Pruneface plus Crime Inc Gold Medal paperback 1975 Dick Tracy Meets Angeltop Berkeley paperback 1990 Dick Tracy 2 Meets the Punks Berkeley paperback 1990 The Dick Tracy Casebook Favorite Adventures 19311990 St Martins Press paperback 1990 Dick Tracys Fiendish Foes A 60th Anniversary Celebration St Martins Press paperback 1991 Other editions16 The first Big Little Book was a Dick Tracy title and many subsequent ones in the series followed Some were reprintings of newspaper strips and some alternate between text and original blackand white drawings 17 Dick Tracy and The Spider Gang a novelization of the Republic serial Big Little Book 1446 the pages alternate between text and blackandwhite photos from the movies Dick Tracy Ace Detective Whitman hardcover 1943 Dick Tracy Meets The Night Crawler Whitman hardcover 1945 Dick Tracy and the Woo Woo Sisters Dell unnumbered paperback with a pictorial back cover but not a mapback 1947 Filmedit Film serialsedit Dick Tracy made his film debut in Dick Tracy 1937 a 15chapter movie serial by Republic Pictures starring Ralph Byrd 18 The Spider Gang was on the loose tired of Dick Tracys cunning skills Through the 15chapter serial 15 different cases were solved all plots by the Spider Gang Dick Tracy was also in search for his missing brother Gordon Tracy Carleton Young The Dick Tracy character proved very popular and a second serial Dick Tracy Returns appeared in 1938 reissued in 1948 Dick Tracys GMen was released in 1939 reissued in 1955 The last was Dick Tracy vs Crime Inc in 1941 reissued as Dick Tracy vs the Phantom Empire in 1952 The sequels were produced under an interpretation of the contract for the first Dick Tracy serial which gave license for a series or serial As a result Chester Gould received no further money for the sequel serials citation needed In these serials Dick Tracy is portrayed as an FBI agent or GMan based in California rather than as a detective in the police force of a Midwestern city resembling Chicago and aside from himself and Junior no characters from the strip appear in any of the four films However comic relief sidekick Mike McGurk bears some resemblance to Tracys partner from the strip Pat Patton Tracys secretary Gwen Andrews played by several actresses in the course of the series including Jennifer Jones under a variation of her real name Phyllis Isley provides the same kind of feminine interest as Tess Trueheart and FBI Director Clive Anderson Francis X Bushman and others is the same kind of avuncular superior as Chief Brandon The first serial Dick Tracy is now in the public domain Early feature filmsedit Six years after the release of the final Republic serial Dick Tracy headlined four feature films produced by RKO Radio Pictures Dick Tracy aka Dick Tracy Detective 1945 was followed by Dick Tracy vs Cueball in 1946 both with Morgan Conway as Tracy Ralph Byrd returned for the last two features both released in 1947 Dick Tracys Dilemma and Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome Gruesome is probably the best known of the four with the villain portrayed by Boris Karloff All four movies had many of the visual features associated with film noir dramatic shadowy photographic compositions with many exterior scenes filmed at night at the RKO Encino movie ranch Lyle Latell costarred in all four films as Pat Patton Anne Jeffreys played Tess Trueheart in the first two succeeded by Kay Christopher and finally Anne Gwynne Ian Keith joined the cast as the actor Vitamin Flintheart for two films Joseph Crehan played Chief Brandon RKO stocked the films with familiar faces creating a veritable rogues gallery of characters Mike Mazurki as Splitface Dick Wessel as Cueball Esther Howard as Filthy Flora Jack Lambert as hookhanded villain The Claw baldheaded popeyed Milton Parsons mildmannered Byron Foulger dangerous Trevor Bardette pockmarked gently sinister Skelton Knaggs 1990 filmedit Main article Dick Tracy 1990 film In 1990 Warren Beatty directed and starred as the title character in a live action allstar cast film along with Al Pacino Dustin Hoffman and Madonna Filmographyedit Dick Tracy 1937 serial 15 episodes starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracy 1937 feature version of the above serial starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracy Returns 1938 serial 15 episodes starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracys GMen 1939 serial 15 episodes starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracy vs Crime Inc 1941 serial 15 episodes starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracy 1945 film starring Morgan Conway Dick Tracy vs Cueball 1946 film starring Morgan Conway Dick Tracys Dilemma 1947 film starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome 1947 film starring Ralph Byrd Dick Tracy 1950–1951 live action television series starring Ralph Byrd The Dick Tracy Show 1961 animated television series with various voices including Everett Sloane and Mel Blanc The Famous Adventures of Mr Magoo Dick Tracy and the Mob 1965 animated halfhour TV episode with the voices of Everett Sloane and Jim Backus Dick Tracy 1967 television pilot starring Ray McDonnell Archies T V Funnies Dick Tracy episodes 1971 Dick Tracy 1990 film starring Warren Beatty and Madonna Televisionedit The strip has had limited exposure on television with one early liveaction series two animated series one unsold pilot that was never picked up and a proposed TV series currently held up in litigation First liveaction seriesedit Ralph Byrd who had played the squarejawed sleuth in all four Republic movie serials and in two of the RKO featurelength films reprised his role in a shortlived liveaction Dick Tracy series that ran on ABC from 1950 to 1951 Additional episodes intended for firstrun syndication continued to be produced into 1952 Produced by P K Palmer who also wrote many of the scripts the series often featured Gouldcreated villains such as Flattop Shaky the Mole Breathless Mahoney Heels Beals and Influence all of whom appeared on film for the first time on this series Other cast members included Joe Devlin as Sam Catchem Angela Greene as Tess Tracy née Trueheart Martin Dean as Junior and Pierre Watkin as Chief Patton Criticized for its violence the series remained popular It ended not in response to criticism but because of Byrds unexpected premature death in 1952 The series was filmed on a low budget with many long hours and a rushed shooting schedule Many episodes of this series have been released on various Public Domain TV Detective DVD sets Animated cartoonsedit Main article The Dick Tracy Show DVD release of the 1961 cartoon The first cartoon series was produced from 1960 to 1961 by UPA Tracy employed a series of cartoonlike subordinate flatfoots to fight crime each week contacting them on his twoway wrist radio Everett Sloane voiced Tracy and supporting characters and villains were voiced by Jerry Hausner Mel Blanc Benny Rubin Johnny Coons Paul Frees and others These subordinates included GoGo Gomez Joe Jitsu Hemlock Holmes and Heap OCalorie 130 fiveminute cartoons were designed and packaged for syndication usually intended for local childrens shows UPA was also the production company behind the Mr Magoo cartoons so it was possible for them to arrange a meeting between Tracy and Magoo in a 1965 episode of the seasonlong TV series The Famous Adventures of Mr Magoo In that episode Dick Tracy and the Mob Tracy persuades Magoo a wellknown actor in the context of the Famous Adventures series to impersonate an international hit man whom he resembles and infiltrate a gang of criminals made up of Flattop Pruneface Itchy Mumbles and others Unlike the earlier animated Tracy shorts this longer episode was played relatively straight with Tracy getting much more screen time Pitting Tracy against a coalition of several of his foes was adopted more than two decades later in the 1990 film A second cartoon series was produced in 1971 and was a feature in Archies TV Funnies produced by Filmation It adhered more closely to the comic strip although it was hampered by cruder animation than the UPA shorts typical of the studios production standards Liveaction television pilotedit William Dozier produced a pilot for a liveaction Dick Tracy series in 1967 starring Ray MacDonnell in the title role Dozier was the producer responsible for the 1966 Batman television series The pilot was The Plot To Kill NATO featuring Special Guest Villain Victor Buono as Mr Memory The quality was slightly aboveaverage but the series was not purchased by either ABC or NBC as ratings for the Batman series were dropping and a similar series featuring The Green Hornet had recently flopped To the networks the Hero Camp or Batmania craze was dying and they chose not to take a risk on another series The pilot is notable for the nonappearance of the future Jan Brady Eve Plumb as Bonnie Braids She was cast in the role but only appears in the title credits at the opening of the show Licensed productsedit In the 1960s Aurora produced a plastic model kit of Dick Tracy sliding down a fire escape ladder into an alley in hot pursuit with gun drawn A Dick Tracy Space Coupe model came next Both have been reissued by Polar Lights Also in the market were Mattels Dick Tracy range of toy weapons 19 In 1990 Playmates Toys released a line of action figures called Dick Tracy Coppers and Gangsters to coincide with the Dick Tracy movie The figures were 5 tall stylized with exaggerated comicy looks and came with lots of accessories 20 Two figures in the line had limited availability Steve the Tramp called The Tramp on the package front was pulled from the assortment after complaints of portrayal of a homeless person as a criminal The figure of The Blank was added to the assortment well after the films release to keep the secret of the identity of the character As a result only limited quantities made it to store shelves The Dick Tracy video game was developed by Titus Software in 1990 It was ported to many platforms including Amiga Commodore and MSDOS Dick Tracy is a side scrolling action shooting game Player controls Dick Tracy through five stages 21 There were also games made for the Nintendo Entertainment System 1990 Sega Master System 1990 Sega Genesis 1990 and the Game Boy 1991 22 In 2009 Shocker Toys released a monochromatic Dick Tracy action figure as an exclusive product for the San Diego ComicCon The figure appears in a suit with twoway wrist radio There was also a variant figure released of Dick Tracy in his signature trench coat and fedora with a tommy gun accessory 23 Rights to adapt in other mediaedit Media outlets reported a legal battle being waged over rights to the Dick Tracy character Warren Beatty announced plans to make a sequel to his 1990 movie At the same time television producers announced plans for a new Dick Tracy TV series Both sides claimed that they were the legal owners of the rights to Dick Tracy In May 2005 Beatty sued the Tribune Company claiming he has owned the rights to the Dick Tracy character since 1985 24 Pressure from Beatty led to the cancellation of a proposed collaboration between artist Mike Oeming and writer Brian Bendis on a new serialized Dick Tracy comic 25 The lawsuit was resolved in Beattys favor with a US District judge ruling that Beatty did everything contractually required of him to keep the rights to the character 26 In popular cultureedit The superhero The Tick had several villains that made fun of the disfigurements of Dick Tracy villains including Chairface The artist Jess Collins used an XActo knife and rubber cement to reassemble Goulds strip into Tricky Cad Gould threatened to sue if the Tricky Cad collages were published 27 In Al Capps satiric comic strip Lil Abner there was a longrunning parody of Dick Tracy called Fearless Fosdick An intermittent stripwithinthestrip feature in Lil Abner Fosdick lampooned every aspect of Dick Tracyfrom Fosdicks impossibly squarejawed profile to his propensity for bulletriddled ventilation The style of the Fosdick sequences closely burlesqued Tracy complete with outrageous villains ludicrously satirical plotlines and rampedup cartoon violence Whatever Capp really thought of Dick Tracy he was always careful to praise Gould and his strip in conversation and in print invariably referring to it as Chester Goulds magnificent Dick Tracy On February 15 1945 Command Performance presented Dick Tracy in B Flat or For Goodness Sakes Isnt He Ever Going To Marry Tess Trueheart Billed as the worlds first comic strip operetta it starred Bing Crosby as Dick Tracy Dinah Shore as Tess Trueheart and Bob Hope as Flattop Jones The cast also included Jerry Colonna police chief Frank Morgan Vitamin Flintheart Jimmy Durante The Mole Judy Garland Snowflake Falls The Andrews Sisters The Summer SistersMay June & July Frank Sinatra Shaky Cass Daley Gravel Gertie and Harry Von Zell narrator The storyline has Dick Tracys wedding with Tess Trueheart repeatedly interrupted by major villains putting Tracy in elaborate deathtraps Dick Tracy is also spoofed in the comic strip Red Meat by Max Cannon The character of Stacy is a down on his luck alcoholic kicked off the force A classic Warner Bros cartoon with Daffy Duck called The Great Piggy Bank Robbery spoofed Dick Tracy as Duck Twacy The cartoon was directed by WB legend Bob Clampett in 1946 Daffy wore Dicks yellow hat again in a Tiny Toons episode where Plucky Duck becomes the protagonist of a DickTracythemed dream sequence just like Daffy did in TGPBR Also in Easter Yeggs Elmer Fudd says I cant miss with my Dick Twacy hat The Crimestoppers Textbook was parodied in two editions of The Stan Freberg Show in 1957 both in a discussion sketch called Face the Funnies In the first a selfproclaimed Dick Tracy expert voiced by Daws Butler advised If vandals kidnap you look for fingerprints on or about your person In the second example Butler said If someone shoots you in the chest extract the bullet and look for small telltale bore markings on the slug and then call a doctor Mad once eulogized Tracy as having died from lead poisoning which resulted from being shot in the left shoulder 47 times noting Goulds repeatedly showing Tracy being wounded in that spot Other issues of Mad showed Tracy identifying Pruneface despite a facelift by viewing his stillwrinkled buttocks or ranting in Doonesbury style about changing trends in police procedures In the latter Junior suggests Theres always the CIA A parody of the 1990 film was also made where Warren Beattys Tracy is killed in the end by the Blank who reveals himself to be the original comicstyle Dick Tracy In issue No 5 OctoberNovember 1954 Mads sister magazine Panic ran a fulllength Tracy parody titled Tick Dracy Parody show Robot Chicken parodied the Dick Tracy strips labeling of villains based on their facial features Tracy nicknames everybody in an insulting way It is later revealed that Tracy himself is named Dick because his head looks like the head of a penis Parodying a period when Tracy was blind The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers Underground comix books featured Tricky Prickears a very conservative blind and deaf detective These comicwithina comic episodes appeared under the heading Crime Stoppers Mein Kampf Maxwell Houses hugamug 80s TV commercials sometimes featured cartoon Dick Tracy cameos including one where he is sitting at a live action diner counter along with some live action cops As Tracy raises his coffee mug his wrist radio sounds He tilts his wrist to listen only to have the coffee spill to the amusement of the cops The February 1949 issue of The Yale Record cover titled Record Comics contains several fullcolor comics parodies including the Dick Tracy parody called Hotshot Stacy In this twopage feature the detective pursues The Head a man with a giant eggshaped head and corners him at the head literally an outhouse During the strip The Head puts Bright Boy through a meat grinder The art is signed by Sylvester Goul in the style of Chester Goulds signature The whole magazine is a precursor to the comics parodies in early issues of Mad In 1960 American Pop artist Andy Warhol made several paintings each called Dick Tracy reproducing Goulds hero in a faux Abstract Expressionist style In 1974 Tracy appeared with Clark Kent and Shazam in a commercial for Gillettes The Dry Look mens hair spray In the 80s Spanish cartoonist Marti Riera updated the style with his graphic pastiche The Cabbie an even grittier take on Dick Tracys world 28 In The Simpsons episode Hurricane Neddy Ned shows his Prune Tracy remark which is a pun on Dick Tracy and Pruneface while Dr Foster had stopped the name Dick Face In the novel Trueman Bradley by Alexei Maxim Russell the autistic detective who is the hero of the story becomes obsessed with classic comic book detectives and seeks to emulate Dick Tracy specifically in order to motivate him and help unlock his own detective powers From 2006 to 2012 there was an indie rock band by the name of Plainclothes Tracy based out of Knoxville TN Their name was based on the original Dick Tracy Comic Plainclothes Tracy and their first single was called Dicky T See alsoedit Chief Yellow Horse the reallife basis for the Dick Tracy character Yellow Pony List of Dick Tracy villain debuts List of film serials List of Dick Tracy characters Referencesedit Notes American Pickers Urban Cowboys a b I Like Em Tough Jim Doherty 2009 webpage MElikeemtough notes villains and includes short bio of Chester Gould Garyn G Roberts Dick Tracy and American Culture Morality and Mythology Text and Context McFarland 2003 p38 Big Deals Comics’ HighestProfile Moments Hogans Alley 17 1999 Dick Tracy comic strip via GoComics April 24 2011 Retrieved October 8 2012 Dick Tracy August 13 1978 Strip reprinted in Dick Tracy – The Official Biography by Jay Maeder 1990 color plate 12 Jim Brozman working with Locher on Dick Tracy The Daily Cartoonist Chicago Tribune Dick Locher passes Dick Tracy to new artist writer Archived January 16 2012 at WebCite Rosenthal Phil January 19 2011 Dick Locher passes TMS Dick Tracy to new artist writer Tower Ticker Chicago Tribune Archived from the original on January 16 2012 Retrieved January 16 2012 The Comics Journal Dick Locher Hangs Up His Fedora Detective Fiction on Stamps United States 1995 Comic Strip Classics Dick Tracy Trussel com Greenbrier artist penning awardwinning Dick Tracy comic Thecabin net Billboard July 26 1947 a b Crime Fiction IV A Comprehensive Bibliography 1749–2000 by Allen J Hubin addenda to the revised edition with annotations by Steve Lewis accessed September 10 2009 An alphabetical listing of Big Little Books and Better Little Books 1932–1949 accessed September 10 2009 Staff February 18 2015 Dick Tracy Museum February 18 2015 Chester Gould Dick Tracy Museum Retrieved February 18 2015 TV Advertisement Dick Tracy Coppers and Gangsters Mobygames Dick Tracy Mobygames Shocker Toys Comics Reporter Spurgeon Tom 2005 Dick Tracy and the Attached SubRider The Comics Reporter Retrieved 20061117 Word Balloon John Siuntres 2010 The Bendis Tapes Part 4 Secret Origin of Manuel Sanchez Word Balloon Accessed 20100922 Dick Tracy Warren Beatty finally gets his man Los Angeles Times March 25 2011 Retrieved October 19 2013 Poems and Poetics Tricky Cad The Cabbie – Official presentation at Fantagraphics Bibliography Doherty Jim 75 Years of Continuous CrimeStopping Roberts Garyn G 1993 Dick Tracy and American Culture Jefferson North Carolina McFarland & Company ISBN 0899508804 External linksedit Dick Tracy at gocomics com Dick Tracy at Tribune Content Agency The Chester Gould Dick Tracy Museum Dick Tracy at Don Marksteins Toonopedia Archived from the original on September 9 2015 Dick Tracy Depot Article 75 Years of Continuous CrimeStopping Grand Comics Database Dick Tracy comic books Dick Tracy at the Comic Book Database Zoot Radio free old time radio show downloads of Dick Tracy Dick Tracy Detective 1945 Boxcars711 Dick Tracy two 1938 episodes Internet Archive Dick Tracy films and radio episodes
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